Advancing Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights
 
STATE REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH PROFILE

Arizona

NATIONAL BACKGROUND AND CONTEXT

Despite the demonstrable importance and ubiquity of contraception, the truth is that ensuring that every pregnancy is wanted and planned is difficult, at both the individual and the societal levels. For the typical American woman to have two children, she will spend about five years pregnant, postpartum or attempting to become pregnant, and three decades—more than three-quarters of her reproductive life—trying to avoid pregnancy. Not all women, however, are successful: About half of all pregnancies in the United States each year—more than three million of them—are unintended. By age 45, more than half of all American women will have experienced an unintended pregnancy, and at 2008 rates about three in ten will have had an abortion. Nonetheless, contraceptive use can and does dramatically reduce women's odds of having an unintended pregnancy.

 

DEMOGRAPHICS

  • In 2010, there were 1,349,610 women of reproductive age (aged 13-44) in Arizona, 788,050 of whom were in need of contraceptive services and supplies. Of these:
    • AGE: 94,810 were under the age of 20 and 693,240 were aged 20-44.
    • INCOME: Among women aged 20-44, 128,200 were below 100% of the federal poverty level.
    • RACE/ETHNICITY: 404,220 were non-Hispanic white; 33,600 were non-Hispanic black; and 266,420 were Hispanic.
  • In 2010, there were 429,830 women in Arizona in need of publicly supported contraceptive services and supplies. Of these, 94,810 were in need of publicly supported services because they were sexually active teenagers, and 335,020 because they had incomes below 250% of the federal poverty level.
  • In 2012-2013, 23% of women aged 15-44 in Arizona were uninsured, while 19% were enrolled in Medicaid.

For more information, see Contraceptive Needs and Services, 2010

PREGNANCIES, BIRTHS AND ABORTIONS

  • In 2011, there were 120,400 pregnancies to the 1,269,297 women of reproductive age (15-44) in Arizona; 71% of these pregnancies resulted in live births and 13% in induced abortions.
  • In 2008, 51% of pregnancies in Arizona were unintended. There were 72,000 unintended pregnancies to women in Arizona, producing a rate of 57 per 1,000 women of reproductive age.
  • Of all unintended pregnancies in Arizona in 2008, 59% resulted in live births and 26% resulted in induced abortions.
  • In 2008, 64% of births in Arizona resulting from unintended pregnancies were publicly funded, compared with 52% of all births and 44% of births resulting from intended pregnancies.
  • Of the 52,200 publicly funded births in Arizona in 2008, 27,400 resulted from unintended pregnancies.
  • Births resulting from unintended pregnancies in Arizona accounted for $293 million in public costs in 2008, including $194 million in federal costs and $99 million in state costs.
  • In 2011, 16,100 women obtained abortions in Arizona, producing a rate of 12.7 abortions per 1,000 women of reproductive age. Some of these women were from other states, and some Arizona residents had abortions in other states, so this rate may not reflect the abortion rate of state residents. The rate declined 18% since 2008, when it was 15.5 abortions per 1,000 women aged 15-44. Arizona represents 1.5% of all abortions in the United States.
  • In 2010, 19,770 Arizona residents obtained abortions, producing a rate of 15.7 per 1,000 women of reproductive age.
  • In 2010 , there were 13,470 pregnancies to Arizona teens aged 15-19; 82% of these pregnancies resulted in live births and 18% in induced abortions.
  • In 2008, 2,010 teens obtained abortions in Arizona, producing a rate of 9 abortions per 1,000 women aged 15-19.
  • In 2011, there were 17 abortion providers in Arizona; 16 of those were clinics. This represents a 11% decrease in overall providers and a 6% decrease in clinics from 2008, when there were 19 abortion providers overall, of which 16 were abortion clinics.
  • In 2011, 67% of Arizona counties had no abortion clinic; 14% of Arizona women lived in these counties.

For more information, see State Facts About Abortion

PUBLICLY FUNDED CONTRACEPTIVE SERVICES

  • In 2010 in Arizona, 184 safety net health centers provided contraceptive care to 97,610 women—including 18,780 teenagers.
  • Safety net health centers in Arizona served 23% of all women in need of publicly supported contraceptive services and supplies in 2010.
  • In Arizona, $151 in public funds was spent on contraceptive services and supplies per woman in need in 2010.
  • In Arizona, 37 safety net health centers that received some support through the federal Title-X family planning program provided contraceptive care to 42,740 women—including 9,290 teenagers in 2010.
  • Title-X-supported centers in Arizona served 10% of all women in need of publicly supported contraceptive services and supplies in 2010.

For more information, see Contraceptive Needs and Services, 2010

IMPACT OF PUBLICLY FUNDED CONTRACEPTIVE SERVICES

  • Publicly funded family planning services help women to avoid pregnancies they do not want and to plan pregnancies they do. In 2010, these services helped women in Arizona avoid 24,400 unintended pregnancies, which would likely have resulted in about 12,100 unintended births and 8,300 abortions.
  • Contraceptive services provided at Title X-supported centers in Arizona helped prevent 10,700 unintended pregnancies, which would likely have resulted in about 5,300 unintended births and 3,700 abortions.
  • The services provided at publicly funded family planning centers in Arizona saved the federal and state governments $150,500,000 in 2010.

For more information, see Contraceptive Needs and Services, 2010

STATE POLICIES

Policy Summary Table, as of July 1st, 2014

ABORTION
Abortion Policy in the Absence of Roe v. Wade
Pre-Roe abortion ban still in place
Abortion Counseling and Waiting Periods
Mandated counseling includes information designed to discourage abortion
State imposes waiting period between counseling and abortion 24 hours
Woman must make two trips: one for abortion counseling and another for the procedure
Parental Involvement in Minors' Abortions
Parent must consent to an abortion One parent
Restrictions on Private Insurance Coverage of Abortion
Insurance for state employees restricted Coverage in limited circumstances
Public Funding of Abortion for Poor Women
State pays for all or most medically necessary abortions
Refusal Clauses for Abortion Services
Medical professionals may refuse
Medical institutions may refuse All institutions
ADOLESCENTS
Minors' Consent to Contraceptive Services
All minors explicitly permitted to consent
Minors' Consent to STI Services
All or some minors explicitly permitted to consent All minors
Parental Involvement in Minors' Abortions
Parent must consent to an abortion One parent
Sex Education
Sex education must either stress or cover abstinence Stress
STI/HIV education must either stress or cover abstinence Stress
CONTRACEPTION SERVICES AND FINANCING
Emergency Contraception in Emergency Rooms
No policy in effect 
Private Insurance Coverage of Contraceptive Services
Insurance coverage mandated
Employers may refuse to provide coverage Religious employers
Medicaid Family Planning Expansions
Eligibility for women leaving coverage postpartum
Contraceptive Access in Pharmacies
No policy in effect 
Refusal Clauses for Contraceptive Services
Health care providers may refuse
Pharmacists or pharmacies may refuse Pharmacists
Medical institutions may refuse
Minors' Consent to Contraceptive Services
All minors explicitly permitted to consent

For more information, see State Policies in Brief