Advancing Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights
 
STATE REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH PROFILE

Colorado

NATIONAL BACKGROUND AND CONTEXT

Despite the demonstrable importance and ubiquity of contraception, the truth is that ensuring that every pregnancy is wanted and planned is difficult, at both the individual and the societal levels. For the typical American woman to have two children, she will spend about five years pregnant, postpartum or attempting to become pregnant, and three decades—more than three-quarters of her reproductive life—trying to avoid pregnancy. Not all women, however, are successful: About half of all pregnancies in the United States each year—more than three million of them—are unintended. By age 45, more than half of all American women will have experienced an unintended pregnancy, and at 2008 rates about three in ten will have had an abortion. Nonetheless, contraceptive use can and does dramatically reduce women's odds of having an unintended pregnancy.

 

DEMOGRAPHICS

  • In 2010, there were 1,088,870 women of reproductive age (aged 13-44) in Colorado, 642,480 of whom were in need of contraceptive services and supplies. Of these:
    • AGE: 69,810 were under the age of 20 and 572,610 were aged 20-44.
    • INCOME: Among women aged 20-44, 91,270 were below 100% of the federal poverty level.
    • RACE/ETHNICITY: 430,430 were non-Hispanic white; 24,560 were non-Hispanic black; and 143,160 were Hispanic.
  • In 2010, there were 307,160 women in Colorado in need of publicly supported contraceptive services and supplies. Of these, 69,810 were in need of publicly supported services because they were sexually active teenagers, and 237,290 because they had incomes below 250% of the federal poverty level.
  • In 2012-2013, 19% of women aged 15-44 in Colorado were uninsured, while 12% were enrolled in Medicaid.

For more information, see Contraceptive Needs and Services, 2010

PREGNANCIES, BIRTHS AND ABORTIONS

  • In 2011, there were 94,200 pregnancies to the 1,038,102 women of reproductive age (15-44) in Colorado; 69% of these pregnancies resulted in live births and 16% in induced abortions.
  • In 2008, 46% of pregnancies in Colorado were unintended. There were 47,000 unintended pregnancies to women in Colorado, producing a rate of 46 per 1,000 women of reproductive age.
  • Of all unintended pregnancies in Colorado in 2008, 56% resulted in live births and 30% resulted in induced abortions.
  • In 2008, 61% of births in Colorado resulting from unintended pregnancies were publicly funded, compared with 41% of all births and 30% of births resulting from intended pregnancies.
  • Of the 28,900 publicly funded births in Colorado in 2008, 15,700 resulted from unintended pregnancies.
  • Births resulting from unintended pregnancies in Colorado accounted for $162 million in public costs in 2008, including $81 million in federal costs and $81 million in state costs.
  • In 2011, 14,710 women obtained abortions in Colorado, producing a rate of 14.2 abortions per 1,000 women of reproductive age. Some of these women were from other states, and some Colorado residents had abortions in other states, so this rate may not reflect the abortion rate of state residents. The rate declined 10% since 2008, when it was 15.8 abortions per 1,000 women aged 15-44. Colorado represents 1.4% of all abortions in the United States.
  • In 2010, 14,920 Colorado residents obtained abortions, producing a rate of 14.7 per 1,000 women of reproductive age.
  • In 2010 , there were 8,790 pregnancies to Colorado teens aged 15-19; 73% of these pregnancies resulted in live births and 27% in induced abortions.
  • In 2008, 2,020 teens obtained abortions in Colorado, producing a rate of 12 abortions per 1,000 women aged 15-19.
  • In 2011, there were 42 abortion providers in Colorado; 24 of those were clinics. This represents a 0% increase in overall providers and a 0% increase in clinics from 2008, when there were 42 abortion providers overall, of which 24 were abortion clinics.
  • In 2011, 78% of Colorado counties had no abortion clinic; 28% of Colorado women lived in these counties.

For more information, see State Facts About Abortion

PUBLICLY FUNDED CONTRACEPTIVE SERVICES

  • In 2010 in Colorado, 177 safety net health centers provided contraceptive care to 150,040 women—including 27,800 teenagers.
  • Safety net health centers in Colorado served 49% of all women in need of publicly supported contraceptive services and supplies in 2010.
  • In Colorado, $80 in public funds was spent on contraceptive services and supplies per woman in need in 2010.
  • In Colorado, 55 safety net health centers that received some support through the federal Title-X family planning program provided contraceptive care to 57,860 women—including 14,960 teenagers in 2010.
  • Title-X-supported centers in Colorado served 19% of all women in need of publicly supported contraceptive services and supplies in 2010.

For more information, see Contraceptive Needs and Services, 2010

IMPACT OF PUBLICLY FUNDED CONTRACEPTIVE SERVICES

  • Publicly funded family planning services help women to avoid pregnancies they do not want and to plan pregnancies they do. In 2010, these services helped women in Colorado avoid 37,500 unintended pregnancies, which would likely have resulted in about 18,600 unintended births and 12,800 abortions.
  • Contraceptive services provided at Title X-supported centers in Colorado helped prevent 14,500 unintended pregnancies, which would likely have resulted in about 7,200 unintended births and 4,900 abortions.
  • The services provided at publicly funded family planning centers in Colorado saved the federal and state governments $109,600,000 in 2010.

For more information, see Contraceptive Needs and Services, 2010

STATE POLICIES

Policy Summary Table, as of July 1st, 2014

ABORTION
Abortion Policy in the Absence of Roe v. Wade
No policy in effect 
Abortion Counseling and Waiting Periods
No policy in effect 
Parental Involvement in Minors' Abortions
Parent must be notified before an abortion One parent
Restrictions on Private Insurance Coverage of Abortion
Insurance for state employees restricted Coverage prohibited
Public Funding of Abortion for Poor Women
Public funding is available in cases of life endangerment, rape or incest Only life, rape or incest
Refusal Clauses for Abortion Services
Medical professionals may refuse
Medical institutions may refuse All institutions
ADOLESCENTS
Minors' Consent to Contraceptive Services
All minors explicitly permitted to consent
Minors' Consent to STI Services
All or some minors explicitly permitted to consent All minors
Parental Involvement in Minors' Abortions
Parent must be notified before an abortion One parent
Sex Education
Sex education must either stress or cover abstinence Cover
Sex education must cover contraception
STI/HIV education must either stress or cover abstinence Cover
STI/HIV education must cover contraception
CONTRACEPTION SERVICES AND FINANCING
Emergency Contraception in Emergency Rooms
Information must be provided
Private Insurance Coverage of Contraceptive Services
Insurance coverage mandated
Medicaid Family Planning Expansions
No policy in effect 
Contraceptive Access in Pharmacies
No policy in effect 
Refusal Clauses for Contraceptive Services
Health care providers may refuse
Medical institutions may refuse Private institutions
Minors' Consent to Contraceptive Services
All minors explicitly permitted to consent

For more information, see State Policies in Brief