Advancing Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights
 
STATE REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH PROFILE

Mississippi

NATIONAL BACKGROUND AND CONTEXT

Despite the demonstrable importance and ubiquity of contraception, the truth is that ensuring that every pregnancy is wanted and planned is difficult, at both the individual and the societal levels. For the typical American woman to have two children, she will spend close to three years pregnant, postpartum or attempting to become pregnant, and about three decades—more than three-quarters of her reproductive life—trying to avoid pregnancy. Not all women, however, are successful: About half of all pregnancies in the United States each year—more than three million of them—are unintended. By age 45, more than half of all American women will have experienced an unintended pregnancy, and at 2008 rates about three in ten will have had an abortion. Nonetheless, contraceptive use can and does dramatically reduce women's odds of having an unintended pregnancy.

 

DEMOGRAPHICS

  • In 2012, there were 642,630 women of reproductive age (aged 13—44) in Mississippi, 335,750 of whom were in need of contraceptive services and supplies. Of these:
    • AGE: 53,870 were under the age of 20 and 281,880 were aged 20—44.
    • INCOME: Among women aged 20—44, 79,340 were below 100% of the federal poverty level.
    • RACE/ETHNICITY: 173,790 were non-Hispanic white; 142,860 were non-Hispanic black; and 9,490 were Hispanic.
  • In 2012, there were 226,450 women in Mississippi in need of publicly supported contraceptive services and supplies. Of these, 53,870 were in need of publicly supported services because they were sexually active teenagers, and 172,580 because they had incomes below 250% of the federal poverty level.
  • In 2012—2013, 22% of women aged 15—44 in Mississippi were uninsured, while 17% were enrolled in Medicaid.

For more information, see Contraceptive Needs and Services

PREGNANCIES, BIRTHS AND ABORTIONS

  • In 2011, there were 50,300 pregnancies to the 603,238 women of reproductive age (15—44) in Mississippi; that did not result in miscarriages or stillbirths, 79% resulted in live births and 4% in induced abortions.
  • In 2008, 63% of pregnancies in Mississippi were unintended. There were 40,000 unintended pregnancies to women in Mississippi, producing an unintended pregnancy rate of 66 per 1,000 women of reproductive age.
  • Of all unintended pregnancies in Mississippi in 2008, 66% resulted in live births and 19% resulted in induced abortions.
  • In 2008, 83% of births in Mississippi resulting from unintended pregnancies were publicly funded, compared with 72% of all births and 57% of births resulting from intended pregnancies.
  • Of the 32,400 publicly funded births in Mississippi in 2008, 21,800 resulted from unintended pregnancies.
  • Births resulting from unintended pregnancies in Mississippi accounted for $145 million in public costs in 2008, including $111 million in federal costs and $34 million in state costs.
  • In 2011, 2,220 women obtained abortions in Mississippi, producing a rate of 3.7 abortions per 1,000 women of reproductive age. Some of these women were from other states, and some Mississippi residents had abortions in other states, so this rate may not reflect the abortion rate of state residents. The rate declined 19% since 2008, when it was 4.6 abortions per 1,000 women aged 15—44. Mississippi represents 0.2% of all abortions in the United States.
  • In 2010, 8,210 Mississippi residents obtained abortions, producing a rate of 13.5 per 1,000 women of reproductive age.
  • In 2010, there were 8,390 pregnancies to Mississippi teens aged 15—19; pregnancies that did not result in miscarriages or stillbirths, 86% resulted in live births and 14% in induced abortions.
  • In 2008, 1,000 teens obtained abortions in Mississippi, producing a rate of 9 abortions per 1,000 women aged 15—19.
  • In 2011, there were 2 abortion providers in Mississippi; 1 of those were clinics. This represents a 0% increase in overall providers and a 0% increase in clinics from 2008, when there were 2 abortion providers overall, of which 1 were abortion clinics.
  • In 2011, 99% of Mississippi counties had no abortion clinic; 91% of Mississippi women lived in these counties.

For more information, see State Facts About Abortion

PUBLICLY FUNDED CONTRACEPTIVE SERVICES

  • In 2012 in Mississippi, safety net health centers provided contraceptive care to 76,010 women.
  • In 2010 187 safety net health centers served 27,190 teenagers in need of contraceptive care.
  • Safety net health centers in Mississippi served 34% of all women in need of publicly supported contraceptive services and supplies in 2012.
  • In Mississippi, $118 in public funds was spent on contraceptive services and supplies per woman in need in 2010.
  • In Mississippi safety net health centers that received some support through the federal Title X family planning program provided contraceptive care to 60,490 women in 2012.
  • In 2010, 117 safety net health centers that received some support through the federal Title X family planning program served 22,000 teenagers in Mississippi in need of contraceptive care.
  • Title X-supported centers in Mississippi served 27% of all women in need of publicly supported contraceptive services and supplies in 2012.

For more information, see Contraceptive Needs and Services

IMPACT OF PUBLICLY FUNDED CONTRACEPTIVE SERVICES

  • Publicly funded family planning services help women to avoid pregnancies they do not want and to plan pregnancies they do. In 2012, these services helped women in Mississippi avoid 18,600 unintended pregnancies, which would likely have resulted in about 9,200 unintended births and 6,300 abortions.
  • Contraceptive services provided at Title X-supported centers in Mississippi helped prevent 14,800 unintended pregnancies, which would likely have resulted in about 7,300 unintended births and 5,000 abortions.
  • The services provided at publicly funded family planning centers in Mississippi saved the federal and state governments $59,500,000 in 2010.

For more information, see Contraceptive Needs and Services

STATE POLICIES

Policy Summary Table, as of July 1st, 2014

ABORTION
Abortion Policy in the Absence of Roe v. Wade
Abortion would be banned if Roe were overturned
Pre-Roe abortion ban still in place
Abortion Counseling and Waiting Periods
Mandated counseling includes information designed to discourage abortion
State imposes waiting period between counseling and abortion 24 hours
Woman must make two trips: one for abortion counseling and another for the procedure
Parental Involvement in Minors' Abortions
Parent must consent to an abortion Both parents
Restrictions on Private Insurance Coverage of Abortion
Insurance for state employees restricted Coverage in limited circumstances
Public Funding of Abortion for Poor Women
Public funding is available in cases of life endangerment, rape or incest Also fetal impairment.
Refusal Clauses for Abortion Services
Medical professionals may refuse
Medical institutions may refuse All institutions
ADOLESCENTS
Minors' Consent to Contraceptive Services
No policy in effect 
Minors' Consent to STI Services
All or some minors explicitly permitted to consent All minors
Parental Involvement in Minors' Abortions
Parent must consent to an abortion Both parents
Sex Education
Sex education must either stress or cover abstinence Stress
STI/HIV education must either stress or cover abstinence Stress
CONTRACEPTION SERVICES AND FINANCING
Emergency Contraception in Emergency Rooms
No policy in effect 
Private Insurance Coverage of Contraceptive Services
No policy in effect 
Medicaid Family Planning Expansions
Eligibility for Medicaid family planning based on income 185% Federal Poverty Level
Contraceptive Access in Pharmacies
No policy in effect 
Refusal Clauses for Contraceptive Services
Health care providers may refuse
Pharmacists or pharmacies may refuse Pharmacies and Pharmacists
Medical institutions may refuse All institutions
Minors' Consent to Contraceptive Services
No policy in effect 

For more information, see State Policies in Brief