Advancing Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights
 
STATE REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH PROFILE

New Hampshire

NATIONAL BACKGROUND AND CONTEXT

Despite the demonstrable importance and ubiquity of contraception, the truth is that ensuring that every pregnancy is wanted and planned is difficult, at both the individual and the societal levels. For the typical American woman to have two children, she will spend close to three years pregnant, postpartum or attempting to become pregnant, and about three decades—more than three-quarters of her reproductive life—trying to avoid pregnancy. Not all women, however, are successful: About half of all pregnancies in the United States each year—more than three million of them—are unintended. By age 45, more than half of all American women will have experienced an unintended pregnancy, and at 2008 rates about three in ten will have had an abortion. Nonetheless, contraceptive use can and does dramatically reduce women's odds of having an unintended pregnancy.

 

DEMOGRAPHICS

  • In 2012, there were 261,830 women of reproductive age (aged 13—44) in New Hampshire, 149,230 of whom were in need of contraceptive services and supplies. Of these:
    • AGE: 20,330 were under the age of 20 and 128,910 were aged 20—44.
    • INCOME: Among women aged 20—44, 16,810 were below 100% of the federal poverty level.
    • RACE/ETHNICITY: 133,360 were non-Hispanic white; 2,190 were non-Hispanic black; and 5,850 were Hispanic.
  • In 2012, there were 63,700 women in New Hampshire in need of publicly supported contraceptive services and supplies. Of these, 20,330 were in need of publicly supported services because they were sexually active teenagers, and 43,370 because they had incomes below 250% of the federal poverty level.
  • In 2012—2013, 15% of women aged 15—44 in New Hampshire were uninsured, while 8% were enrolled in Medicaid.

For more information, see Contraceptive Needs and Services

PREGNANCIES, BIRTHS AND ABORTIONS

  • In 2011, there were 18,900 pregnancies to the 247,551 women of reproductive age (15—44) in New Hampshire; that did not result in miscarriages or stillbirths, 68% resulted in live births and 17% in induced abortions.
  • In 2008, 40% of pregnancies in New Hampshire were unintended. There were 8,000 unintended pregnancies to women in New Hampshire, producing an unintended pregnancy rate of 31 per 1,000 women of reproductive age.
  • Of all unintended pregnancies in New Hampshire in 2008, 50% resulted in live births and 34% resulted in induced abortions.
  • In 2008, 48% of births in New Hampshire resulting from unintended pregnancies were publicly funded, compared with 28% of all births and 19% of births resulting from intended pregnancies.
  • Of the 3,800 publicly funded births in New Hampshire in 2008, 2,700 resulted from unintended pregnancies.
  • Births resulting from unintended pregnancies in New Hampshire accounted for $35 million in public costs in 2008, including $18 million in federal costs and $18 million in state costs.
  • In 2011, 3,200 women obtained abortions in New Hampshire, producing a rate of 12.9 abortions per 1,000 women of reproductive age. Some of these women were from other states, and some New Hampshire residents had abortions in other states, so this rate may not reflect the abortion rate of state residents. The rate increased 4% since 2008, when it was 12.4 abortions per 1,000 women aged 15—44. New Hampshire represents 0.3% of all abortions in the United States.
  • In 2010, 2,860 New Hampshire residents obtained abortions, producing a rate of 11.1 per 1,000 women of reproductive age.
  • In 2010, there were 1,290 pregnancies to New Hampshire teens aged 15—19; pregnancies that did not result in miscarriages or stillbirths, 65% resulted in live births and 35% in induced abortions.
  • In 2008, 380 teens obtained abortions in New Hampshire, producing a rate of 8 abortions per 1,000 women aged 15—19.
  • In 2011, there were 13 abortion providers in New Hampshire; 4 of those were clinics. This represents a 18% increase in overall providers and a 25% increase in clinics from 2008, when there were 11 abortion providers overall, of which 4 were abortion clinics.
  • In 2011, 50% of New Hampshire counties had no abortion clinic; 23% of New Hampshire women lived in these counties.

For more information, see State Facts About Abortion

PUBLICLY FUNDED CONTRACEPTIVE SERVICES

  • In 2012 in New Hampshire, safety net health centers provided contraceptive care to 24,120 women.
  • In 2010 35 safety net health centers served 5,230 teenagers in need of contraceptive care.
  • Safety net health centers in New Hampshire served 38% of all women in need of publicly supported contraceptive services and supplies in 2012.
  • In New Hampshire, $72 in public funds was spent on contraceptive services and supplies per woman in need in 2010.
  • In New Hampshire safety net health centers that received some support through the federal Title X family planning program provided contraceptive care to 22,130 women in 2012.
  • In 2010, 25 safety net health centers that received some support through the federal Title X family planning program served 4,710 teenagers in New Hampshire in need of contraceptive care.
  • Title X-supported centers in New Hampshire served 35% of all women in need of publicly supported contraceptive services and supplies in 2012.

For more information, see Contraceptive Needs and Services

IMPACT OF PUBLICLY FUNDED CONTRACEPTIVE SERVICES

  • Publicly funded family planning services help women to avoid pregnancies they do not want and to plan pregnancies they do. In 2012, these services helped women in New Hampshire avoid 5,900 unintended pregnancies, which would likely have resulted in about 2,900 unintended births and 2,000 abortions.
  • Contraceptive services provided at Title X-supported centers in New Hampshire helped prevent 5,400 unintended pregnancies, which would likely have resulted in about 2,700 unintended births and 1,800 abortions.
  • The services provided at publicly funded family planning centers in New Hampshire saved the federal and state governments $10,200,000 in 2010.

For more information, see Contraceptive Needs and Services

STATE POLICIES

Policy Summary Table, as of July 1st, 2014

ABORTION
Abortion Policy in the Absence of Roe v. Wade
No policy in effect 
Abortion Counseling and Waiting Periods
No policy in effect 
Parental Involvement in Minors' Abortions
Parent must be notified before an abortion One parent
Restrictions on Private Insurance Coverage of Abortion
No policy in effect 
Public Funding of Abortion for Poor Women
Public funding is available in cases of life endangerment, rape or incest Only life, rape or incest.
Refusal Clauses for Abortion Services
No policy in effect 
ADOLESCENTS
Minors' Consent to Contraceptive Services
Mature minors explicitly permitted to consent
Minors' Consent to STI Services
All or some minors explicitly permitted to consent Minors 14 years of age and older
Parental Involvement in Minors' Abortions
Parent must be notified before an abortion One parent
Sex Education
State mandates STI/HIV education
STI/HIV education must either stress or cover abstinence Cover
CONTRACEPTION SERVICES AND FINANCING
Emergency Contraception in Emergency Rooms
No policy in effect 
Private Insurance Coverage of Contraceptive Services
Insurance coverage mandated
Medicaid Family Planning Expansions
Eligibility for Medicaid family planning based on income 185% Federal Poverty Level
Contraceptive Access in Pharmacies
No policy in effect 
Refusal Clauses for Contraceptive Services
No policy in effect 
Minors' Consent to Contraceptive Services
Mature minors explicitly permitted to consent

For more information, see State Policies in Brief