Advancing Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights
 
STATE REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH PROFILE

Oregon

NATIONAL BACKGROUND AND CONTEXT

Despite the demonstrable importance and ubiquity of contraception, the truth is that ensuring that every pregnancy is wanted and planned is difficult, at both the individual and the societal levels. For the typical American woman to have two children, she will spend about five years pregnant, postpartum or attempting to become pregnant, and three decades—more than three-quarters of her reproductive life—trying to avoid pregnancy. Not all women, however, are successful: About half of all pregnancies in the United States each year—more than three million of them—are unintended. By age 45, more than half of all American women will have experienced an unintended pregnancy, and at 2008 rates about three in ten will have had an abortion. Nonetheless, contraceptive use can and does dramatically reduce women's odds of having an unintended pregnancy.

 

DEMOGRAPHICS

  • In 2010, there were 801,580 women of reproductive age (aged 13-44) in Oregon, 465,570 of whom were in need of contraceptive services and supplies. Of these:
    • AGE: 53,530 were under the age of 20 and 412,070 were aged 20-44.
    • INCOME: Among women aged 20-44, 77,760 were below 100% of the federal poverty level.
    • RACE/ETHNICITY: 346,780 were non-Hispanic white; 8,390 were non-Hispanic black; and 62,100 were Hispanic.
  • In 2010, there were 251,590 women in Oregon in need of publicly supported contraceptive services and supplies. Of these, 53,530 were in need of publicly supported services because they were sexually active teenagers, and 198,060 because they had incomes below 250% of the federal poverty level.
  • In 2012-2013, 21% of women aged 15-44 in Oregon were uninsured, while 16% were enrolled in Medicaid.

For more information, see Contraceptive Needs and Services, 2010

PREGNANCIES, BIRTHS AND ABORTIONS

  • In 2011, there were 65,900 pregnancies to the 758,988 women of reproductive age (15-44) in Oregon; 68% of these pregnancies resulted in live births and 16% in induced abortions.
  • In 2008, 50% of pregnancies in Oregon were unintended. There were 36,000 unintended pregnancies to women in Oregon, producing a rate of 48 per 1,000 women of reproductive age.
  • Of all unintended pregnancies in Oregon in 2008, 55% resulted in live births and 31% resulted in induced abortions.
  • In 2008, 63% of births in Oregon resulting from unintended pregnancies were publicly funded, compared with 48% of all births and 37% of births resulting from intended pregnancies.
  • Of the 23,500 publicly funded births in Oregon in 2008, 12,700 resulted from unintended pregnancies.
  • Births resulting from unintended pregnancies in Oregon accounted for $87 million in public costs in 2008, including $53 million in federal costs and $34 million in state costs.
  • In 2011, 10,690 women obtained abortions in Oregon, producing a rate of 14.1 abortions per 1,000 women of reproductive age. Some of these women were from other states, and some Oregon residents had abortions in other states, so this rate may not reflect the abortion rate of state residents. The rate declined 18% since 2008, when it was 17.2 abortions per 1,000 women aged 15-44. Oregon represents 1.0% of all abortions in the United States.
  • In 2010, 11,800 Oregon residents obtained abortions, producing a rate of 15.7 per 1,000 women of reproductive age.
  • In 2010 , there were 5,800 pregnancies to Oregon teens aged 15-19; 71% of these pregnancies resulted in live births and 29% in induced abortions.
  • In 2008, 1,450 teens obtained abortions in Oregon, producing a rate of 12 abortions per 1,000 women aged 15-19.
  • In 2011, there were 29 abortion providers in Oregon; 15 of those were clinics. This represents a 0% increase in overall providers and a 0% increase in clinics from 2008, when there were 29 abortion providers overall, of which 15 were abortion clinics.
  • In 2011, 78% of Oregon counties had no abortion clinic; 31% of Oregon women lived in these counties.

For more information, see State Facts About Abortion

PUBLICLY FUNDED CONTRACEPTIVE SERVICES

  • In 2010 in Oregon, 166 safety net health centers provided contraceptive care to 131,620 women—including 28,790 teenagers.
  • Safety net health centers in Oregon served 52% of all women in need of publicly supported contraceptive services and supplies in 2010.
  • In Oregon, $164 in public funds was spent on contraceptive services and supplies per woman in need in 2010.
  • In Oregon, 92 safety net health centers that received some support through the federal Title-X family planning program provided contraceptive care to 68,160 women—including 15,410 teenagers in 2010.
  • Title-X-supported centers in Oregon served 27% of all women in need of publicly supported contraceptive services and supplies in 2010.

For more information, see Contraceptive Needs and Services, 2010

IMPACT OF PUBLICLY FUNDED CONTRACEPTIVE SERVICES

  • Publicly funded family planning services help women to avoid pregnancies they do not want and to plan pregnancies they do. In 2010, these services helped women in Oregon avoid 32,900 unintended pregnancies, which would likely have resulted in about 16,300 unintended births and 11,200 abortions.
  • Contraceptive services provided at Title X-supported centers in Oregon helped prevent 17,000 unintended pregnancies, which would likely have resulted in about 8,400 unintended births and 5,800 abortions.
  • The services provided at publicly funded family planning centers in Oregon saved the federal and state governments $72,100,000 in 2010.

For more information, see Contraceptive Needs and Services, 2010

STATE POLICIES

Policy Summary Table, as of July 1st, 2014

ABORTION
Abortion Policy in the Absence of Roe v. Wade
No policy in effect 
Abortion Counseling and Waiting Periods
No policy in effect 
Parental Involvement in Minors' Abortions
No policy in effect 
Restrictions on Private Insurance Coverage of Abortion
No policy in effect 
Public Funding of Abortion for Poor Women
State pays for all or most medically necessary abortions
Refusal Clauses for Abortion Services
Medical professionals may refuse
Medical institutions may refuse Private institutions
ADOLESCENTS
Minors' Consent to Contraceptive Services
All minors explicitly permitted to consent
Minors' Consent to STI Services
All or some minors explicitly permitted to consent All minors
Parental Involvement in Minors' Abortions
No policy in effect 
Sex Education
State mandates sex education
Sex education must either stress or cover abstinence Stress
Sex education must cover contraception
State mandates STI/HIV education
STI/HIV education must either stress or cover abstinence Stress
STI/HIV education must cover contraception
CONTRACEPTION SERVICES AND FINANCING
Emergency Contraception in Emergency Rooms
Information must be provided
Medication must be provided on request
Private Insurance Coverage of Contraceptive Services
Insurance coverage mandated
Employers may refuse to provide coverage Religious employers
Medicaid Family Planning Expansions
Eligibility for Medicaid family planning based on income 250% Federal Poverty Level
Contraceptive Access in Pharmacies
No policy in effect 
Refusal Clauses for Contraceptive Services
No policy in effect 
Minors' Consent to Contraceptive Services
All minors explicitly permitted to consent

For more information, see State Policies in Brief