Advancing Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights
 
STATE REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH PROFILE

Utah

NATIONAL BACKGROUND AND CONTEXT

Despite the demonstrable importance and ubiquity of contraception, the truth is that ensuring that every pregnancy is wanted and planned is difficult, at both the individual and the societal levels. For the typical American woman to have two children, she will spend close to three years pregnant, postpartum or attempting to become pregnant, and about three decades—more than three-quarters of her reproductive life—trying to avoid pregnancy. Not all women, however, are successful: About half of all pregnancies in the United States each year—more than three million of them—are unintended. By age 45, more than half of all American women will have experienced an unintended pregnancy, and at 2008 rates about three in ten will have had an abortion. Nonetheless, contraceptive use can and does dramatically reduce women's odds of having an unintended pregnancy.

 

DEMOGRAPHICS

  • In 2012, there were 664,250 women of reproductive age (aged 13—44) in Utah, 387,990 of whom were in need of contraceptive services and supplies. Of these:
    • AGE: 46,140 were under the age of 20 and 341,840 were aged 20—44.
    • INCOME: Among women aged 20—44, 51,900 were below 100% of the federal poverty level.
    • RACE/ETHNICITY: 305,530 were non-Hispanic white; 3,680 were non-Hispanic black; and 52,670 were Hispanic.
  • In 2012, there were 209,170 women in Utah in need of publicly supported contraceptive services and supplies. Of these, 46,140 were in need of publicly supported services because they were sexually active teenagers, and 163,020 because they had incomes below 250% of the federal poverty level.
  • In 2012—2013, 19% of women aged 15—44 in Utah were uninsured, while 9% were enrolled in Medicaid.

For more information, see Contraceptive Needs and Services

PREGNANCIES, BIRTHS AND ABORTIONS

  • In 2011, there were 65,100 pregnancies to the 611,461 women of reproductive age (15—44) in Utah; that did not result in miscarriages or stillbirths, 79% resulted in live births and 5% in induced abortions.
  • In 2008, 37% of pregnancies in Utah were unintended. There were 26,000 unintended pregnancies to women in Utah, producing an unintended pregnancy rate of 44 per 1,000 women of reproductive age.
  • Of all unintended pregnancies in Utah in 2008, 70% resulted in live births and 14% resulted in induced abortions.
  • In 2008, 51% of births in Utah resulting from unintended pregnancies were publicly funded, compared with 33% of all births and 24% of births resulting from intended pregnancies.
  • Of the 18,200 publicly funded births in Utah in 2008, 9,400 resulted from unintended pregnancies.
  • Births resulting from unintended pregnancies in Utah accounted for $107 million in public costs in 2008, including $76 million in federal costs and $30 million in state costs.
  • In 2011, 3,290 women obtained abortions in Utah, producing a rate of 5.4 abortions per 1,000 women of reproductive age. Some of these women were from other states, and some Utah residents had abortions in other states, so this rate may not reflect the abortion rate of state residents. The rate declined 21% since 2008, when it was 6.8 abortions per 1,000 women aged 15—44. Utah represents 0.3% of all abortions in the United States.
  • In 2010, 3,880 Utah residents obtained abortions, producing a rate of 6.6 per 1,000 women of reproductive age.
  • In 2010, there were 4,140 pregnancies to Utah teens aged 15—19; pregnancies that did not result in miscarriages or stillbirths, 87% resulted in live births and 13% in induced abortions.
  • In 2008, 440 teens obtained abortions in Utah, producing a rate of 4 abortions per 1,000 women aged 15—19.
  • In 2011, there were 9 abortion providers in Utah; 3 of those were clinics. This represents a 29% increase in overall providers and a 33% increase in clinics from 2008, when there were 7 abortion providers overall, of which 3 were abortion clinics.
  • In 2011, 97% of Utah counties had no abortion clinic; 62% of Utah women lived in these counties.

For more information, see State Facts About Abortion

PUBLICLY FUNDED CONTRACEPTIVE SERVICES

  • In 2012 in Utah, safety net health centers provided contraceptive care to 53,980 women.
  • In 2010 73 safety net health centers served 10,220 teenagers in need of contraceptive care.
  • Safety net health centers in Utah served 26% of all women in need of publicly supported contraceptive services and supplies in 2012.
  • In Utah, $31 in public funds was spent on contraceptive services and supplies per woman in need in 2010.
  • In Utah safety net health centers that received some support through the federal Title X family planning program provided contraceptive care to 36,080 women in 2012.
  • In 2010, 19 safety net health centers that received some support through the federal Title X family planning program served 7,820 teenagers in Utah in need of contraceptive care.
  • Title X-supported centers in Utah served 17% of all women in need of publicly supported contraceptive services and supplies in 2012.

For more information, see Contraceptive Needs and Services

For county-level data see Guttmacher's County-level Table Maker

IMPACT OF PUBLICLY FUNDED CONTRACEPTIVE SERVICES

  • Publicly funded family planning services help women to avoid pregnancies they do not want and to plan pregnancies they do. In 2012, these services helped women in Utah avoid 13,200 unintended pregnancies, which would likely have resulted in about 6,500 unintended births and 4,500 abortions.
  • Contraceptive services provided at Title X-supported centers in Utah helped prevent 8,800 unintended pregnancies, which would likely have resulted in about 4,400 unintended births and 3,000 abortions.
  • The services provided at publicly funded family planning centers in Utah saved the federal and state governments $66,400,000 in 2010.

For more information, see Contraceptive Needs and Services

STATE POLICIES

Policy Summary Table, as of July 1st, 2014

ABORTION
Abortion Policy in the Absence of Roe v. Wade
No policy in effect 
Abortion Counseling and Waiting Periods
Mandated counseling includes information designed to discourage abortion
State imposes waiting period between counseling and abortion 72 hours
Woman must make two trips: one for abortion counseling and another for the procedure
Parental Involvement in Minors' Abortions
Parent must consent and be notified before an abortion
Restrictions on Private Insurance Coverage of Abortion
Insurance may only cover in cases of life endangerment, severe health, rape, incest or fetal impairment
Insurance for state employees restricted Coverage in limited circumstances
Public Funding of Abortion for Poor Women
Public funding is available in cases of life endangerment, rape or incest Also for physical health threat.
Refusal Clauses for Abortion Services
Medical professionals may refuse
Medical institutions may refuse Private institutions
ADOLESCENTS
Minors' Consent to Contraceptive Services
No policy in effect 
Minors' Consent to STI Services
All or some minors explicitly permitted to consent All minors
Parental Involvement in Minors' Abortions
Parent must consent and be notified before an abortion
Sex Education
State mandates sex education
Sex education must either stress or cover abstinence Stress
State mandates STI/HIV education
STI/HIV education must either stress or cover abstinence Stress
CONTRACEPTION SERVICES AND FINANCING
Emergency Contraception in Emergency Rooms
Information must be provided
Medication must be provided on request
Private Insurance Coverage of Contraceptive Services
No policy in effect 
Medicaid Family Planning Expansions
No policy in effect 
Contraceptive Access in Pharmacies
No policy in effect 
Refusal Clauses for Contraceptive Services
No policy in effect 
Minors' Consent to Contraceptive Services
No policy in effect 

For more information, see State Policies in Brief