Advancing Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights
 
STATE REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH PROFILE

Wisconsin

NATIONAL BACKGROUND AND CONTEXT

Despite the demonstrable importance and ubiquity of contraception, the truth is that ensuring that every pregnancy is wanted and planned is difficult, at both the individual and the societal levels. For the typical American woman to have two children, she will spend about five years pregnant, postpartum or attempting to become pregnant, and three decades—more than three-quarters of her reproductive life—trying to avoid pregnancy. Not all women, however, are successful: About half of all pregnancies in the United States each year—more than three million of them—are unintended. By age 45, more than half of all American women will have experienced an unintended pregnancy, and at 2008 rates about three in ten will have had an abortion. Nonetheless, contraceptive use can and does dramatically reduce women's odds of having an unintended pregnancy.

 

DEMOGRAPHICS

  • In 2010, there were 1,170,950 women of reproductive age (aged 13-44) in Wisconsin, 636,030 of whom were in need of contraceptive services and supplies. Of these:
    • AGE: 99,720 were under the age of 20 and 536,360 were aged 20-44.
    • INCOME: Among women aged 20-44, 91,240 were below 100% of the federal poverty level.
    • RACE/ETHNICITY: 502,350 were non-Hispanic white; 48,950 were non-Hispanic black; and 43,780 were Hispanic.
  • In 2010, there were 332,520 women in Wisconsin in need of publicly supported contraceptive services and supplies. Of these, 99,720 were in need of publicly supported services because they were sexually active teenagers, and 232,830 because they had incomes below 250% of the federal poverty level.
  • In 2012-2013, 13% of women aged 15-44 in Wisconsin were uninsured, while 21% were enrolled in Medicaid.

For more information, see Contraceptive Needs and Services, 2010

PREGNANCIES, BIRTHS AND ABORTIONS

  • In 2011, there were 89,800 pregnancies to the 1,092,349 women of reproductive age (15-44) in Wisconsin; 76% of these pregnancies resulted in live births and 9% in induced abortions.
  • In 2008, 40% of pregnancies in Wisconsin were unintended. There were 39,000 unintended pregnancies to women in Wisconsin, producing a rate of 35 per 1,000 women of reproductive age.
  • Of all unintended pregnancies in Wisconsin in 2008, 62% resulted in live births and 23% resulted in induced abortions.
  • In 2008, 51% of births in Wisconsin resulting from unintended pregnancies were publicly funded, compared with 37% of all births and 29% of births resulting from intended pregnancies.
  • Of the 26,500 publicly funded births in Wisconsin in 2008, 12,500 resulted from unintended pregnancies.
  • Births resulting from unintended pregnancies in Wisconsin accounted for $148 million in public costs in 2008, including $85 million in federal costs and $63 million in state costs.
  • In 2011, 7,640 women obtained abortions in Wisconsin, producing a rate of 7 abortions per 1,000 women of reproductive age. Some of these women were from other states, and some Wisconsin residents had abortions in other states, so this rate may not reflect the abortion rate of state residents. The rate declined 6% since 2008, when it was 7.4 abortions per 1,000 women aged 15-44. Wisconsin represents 0.7% of all abortions in the United States.
  • In 2008, 9,660 Wisconsin residents obtained abortions, producing a rate of 8.7 per 1,000 women of reproductive age.
  • In 2008, there were 8,990 pregnancies to Wisconsin teens aged 15-19; 67% of these pregnancies resulted in live births and 18% in induced abortions.
  • In 2008, 1,590 teens obtained abortions in Wisconsin, producing a rate of 8 abortions per 1,000 women aged 15-19.
  • In 2011, there were 8 abortion providers in Wisconsin; 4 of those were clinics. This represents a 11% decrease in overall providers and a 0% increase in clinics from 2008, when there were 9 abortion providers overall, of which 4 were abortion clinics.
  • In 2011, 96% of Wisconsin counties had no abortion clinic; 67% of Wisconsin women lived in these counties.

For more information, see State Facts About Abortion

PUBLICLY FUNDED CONTRACEPTIVE SERVICES

  • In 2010 in Wisconsin, 121 safety net health centers provided contraceptive care to 114,280 women—including 30,970 teenagers.
  • Safety net health centers in Wisconsin served 34% of all women in need of publicly supported contraceptive services and supplies in 2010.
  • In Wisconsin, $142 in public funds was spent on contraceptive services and supplies per woman in need in 2010.
  • In Wisconsin, 17 safety net health centers that received some support through the federal Title-X family planning program provided contraceptive care to 53,230 women—including 13,770 teenagers in 2010.
  • Title-X-supported centers in Wisconsin served 16% of all women in need of publicly supported contraceptive services and supplies in 2010.

For more information, see Contraceptive Needs and Services, 2010

IMPACT OF PUBLICLY FUNDED CONTRACEPTIVE SERVICES

  • Publicly funded family planning services help women to avoid pregnancies they do not want and to plan pregnancies they do. In 2010, these services helped women in Wisconsin avoid 28,600 unintended pregnancies, which would likely have resulted in about 14,200 unintended births and 9,800 abortions.
  • Contraceptive services provided at Title X-supported centers in Wisconsin helped prevent 13,300 unintended pregnancies, which would likely have resulted in about 6,600 unintended births and 4,500 abortions.
  • The services provided at publicly funded family planning centers in Wisconsin saved the federal and state governments $154,100,000 in 2010.

For more information, see Contraceptive Needs and Services, 2010

STATE POLICIES

Policy Summary Table, as of January 2nd, 2014

ABORTION
Abortion Policy in the Absence of Roe v. Wade
Pre-Roe abortion ban still in place
Abortion Counseling and Waiting Periods
Mandated counseling includes information designed to discourage abortion
State imposes waiting period between counseling and abortion 24 hours
Woman must make two trips: one for abortion counseling and another for the procedure
Parental Involvement in Minors' Abortions
Parent must consent to an abortion One parent
Restrictions on Private Insurance Coverage of Abortion
No policy in effect 
Public Funding of Abortion for Poor Women
Public funding is available in cases of life endangerment, rape or incest Also for physical health threat.
Refusal Clauses for Abortion Services
Medical professionals may refuse
Medical institutions may refuse All institutions
ADOLESCENTS
Minors' Consent to Contraceptive Services
No policy in effect 
Minors' Consent to STI Services
All or some minors explicitly permitted to consent All minors
Parental Involvement in Minors' Abortions
Parent must consent to an abortion One parent
Sex Education
Sex education must either stress or cover abstinence Stress
State mandates STI/HIV education
STI/HIV education must either stress or cover abstinence Stress
CONTRACEPTION SERVICES AND FINANCING
Emergency Contraception in Emergency Rooms
Information must be provided
Medication must be provided on request
Private Insurance Coverage of Contraceptive Services
Insurance coverage mandated
Medicaid Family Planning Expansions
Eligibility for Medicaid family planning based on income 300% Federal Poverty Level
Contraceptive Access in Pharmacies
Pharmacists or pharmacies must provide contraceptives Pharmacies
Refusal Clauses for Contraceptive Services
No policy in effect 
Minors' Consent to Contraceptive Services
No policy in effect 

For more information, see State Policies in Brief