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Publicly Funded Family Planning Services in the United States: Quick Stats and Facts

Quick Stats

• In 2012, there were 20 million American women aged 13–44 in need of publicly funded contraceptive services and supplies. [1]

• Just over one in four women (27%) who obtained contraceptive services in the United States in 2006-2010—including 44% of poor women who did so—received care at publicly funded safety net health centers. [2]

• In 2010, publicly funded family planning services from all sources helped women avoid 2.2 million unintended pregnancies, which would likely have resulted in about 1.1 million unintended births and 760,000 abortions.[3] In 2012, publicly funded family planning centers helped women avoid 1.5 million unintended pregnancies. [1]

• In the absence of publicly funded family planning services from all sources in 2010, levels of unintended pregnancy would have been 66% higher among U.S. women overall and 70% higher among poor women. [3] Absent the services provided by publicly funded family planning centers in 2012, levels of unintended pregnancy would have been 44% higher. [1]

• Contraceptive services provided in 2010 during publicly supported family planning visits prevented approximately 288,000 unplanned births that would have been spaced more closely than is medically recommended and 164,000 unplanned births that would have been preterm, low birth weight or both. [4]

• STI testing provided during publicly supported family planning visits in 2010 averted an estimated 99,000 cases of chlamydia, 16,000 cases of gonorrhea, 410 cases of HIV, 1,100 ectopic pregnancies and 2,200 cases of infertility. Services provided at Title X–supported centers accounted for 53,000 averted chlamydia infections and 8,800 gonorrhea infections. [4]

• In 2010, services provided as part of a publicly funded family planning visit related to cervical cancer prevention, including Pap and HPV testing and the HPV vaccine, prevented 3,700 cases of cervical cancer and 2,100 cervical cancer deaths. Services provided at Title X–supported centers accounted for 1,900 cases of cervical cancer and 1,100 cervical cancer deaths averted. [4]

• The services provided at publicly funded family planning visits in 2010 resulted in a net savings to the federal and state governments of $13.6 billion. The services provided at Title X–supported centers alone accounted for $7.0 billion of that total. [4]

• By enabling women to obtain the contraceptive services they want, every $1 invested in publicly funded family planning services saved $7.09 in Medicaid costs and other public expenditures that otherwise would have been needed. [4]

REFERENCES

Fact Sheets and Other Resources

Facts on Publicly Funded Contraceptive Services in the United States

State Facts About Title X and Family Planning

Report: Moving Forward: Family Planning in the Era of Health Reform

State Policies in Brief: State Family Planning Funding Restrictions

State Policies in Brief: Medicaid Family Planning Eligibility Expansions

Report: The Social and Economic Benefits of Women’s Ability to Determine Whether and When to Have Children

Report: Medicaid Family Planning Expansions: Lessons Learned and Implications for the Future