Advancing Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights

Public Funding for Contraceptive, Sterilization and Abortion Services, FY 1980-2001

For the most recent data on public funding for reproductive health services - including data from FY 2006 - please see Public Funding for Family Planning, Sterilization and Abortion Services, FY 1980-2006

Millions of Americans are in need of reproductive health services but have difficulty affording them. To address these needs, state and federal governments have long provided support for family planning services, and to a lesser extent abortion, through a variety of federal and state funding sources. These tables report on FY 2001 public expenditures for contraceptive services, sterilization services and family planning education and outreach activities, as well as on trends since FY 1980 in public funding for contraceptive services. They also report on FY 2001 expenditures and utilization for publicly subsidized abortions.

This research was supported in part by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services under grant FPR00072.

National and State Tables and Figures:

Includes highlights and notes and definitions. Tables 1–9 and Figures 1–2 include information on:

  • Reported public expenditures for contraceptive services (Tables 1–6 and Figures 1–2):
    • by state and funding source, FY 2001
    • trends over time, FY 1980–2001
    • per woman in need of publicly supported contraceptive services
    • according to Medicaid family planning eligibility expansion status
  • Reported public expenditures for sterilization services, FY 2001 (Table 7)
  • Reported public expenditures for outreach and education activities, FY 2001 (Table 8)
  • Reported public expenditures for abortions and number of publicly funded abortions, FY 2001 (Table 9)


Other Resources:

Public Funding for Family Planning

Attacks on Medicaid and Title X Endanger Public Contraceptive Funding, The Guttmacher Report on Public Policy, 2005, 8(1):4–7

Public Funding for Contraception, Sterilization and Abortion Services, 1994, Family Planning Perspectives, 1996, 28(4):166–173

Contraceptive Services, Facts in Brief, 2005

Preventing Unintended Pregnancy: The Need and the Means, The Guttmacher Report on Public Policy, 2003, 6(5):7–10

Medicaid: A Critical Source of Support for Family Planning in the United States

Nowhere but Up: Rising Costs for Title X Clinics, The Guttmacher Report on Public Policy, 2002, 5(5):6–9

Fulfilling the Promise: Public Policy and U.S. Family Planning Clinics

Block Grants Are Key Sources of Support for Family Planning, The Guttmacher Report on Public Policy, 1999, 2(4):6–9

Medicaid Family Planning Expansions

Doing More for Less: Study Says State Medicaid Family Planning Expansions Are Cost-Effective, The Guttmacher Report on Public Policy, 2004, 7(1):1–2 & 14

The Availability and Use of Publicly Funded Family Planning Clinics: U.S. Trends, 1994–2001, Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 2004, 36(5):206–215

State Medicaid Family Planning Eligibility Expansions, State Policies in Brief

Public Funding for Abortion

Rights Without Access: Revisiting Public Funding of Abortion for Poor Women, The Guttmacher Report on Public Policy, 2000, 3(2):8–11

State Funding of Abortion Under Medicaid, State Policies in Brief