Advancing Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights
 

Monthly State Update:
MAJOR DEVELOPMENTS IN 2015

(as of 2/1/2015)

 

This update provides information on legislation, as well as relevant executive branch actions and judicial decisions in states across the country. For each of the topics listed below, the number of states in which legislation has been introduced is given, as are the names of the states in which subsequent action has been taken. Detailed summaries are provided for legislation that has been passed by at least one house of a legislature and for major court decisions; actions for the current month are in bold. For an archive of previous monthly updates, click here.  

 

As of the beginning of February, legislatures in three states (AK, AZ, AR, CA, CO, CT, DE, GA, HI, ID, IL, IN, IA, KS, KY, ME, MD, MA, MI, MN, MS, MO, MT, NE, NH, NJ, NM, NY, NC, ND, OH, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, UT, VT, VA, WA, WV, WI and WY) and the District of Columbia were in regular session. Six state legislatures (AL, FL, LA, NV, OK and OR) have not yet convened their regular sessions.

 

For a state-by-state chart of legislation enacted in 2015, click here.

 

Abortion

Adolescents

Contraception & Prevention

Pregnancy & Birth

Refusal Clauses

Reproductive Health and Environmental Hazards

 

ABORTION

Abortion Bans to Replace Roe

Click here for current status of state policy

Introduced in 7 states

CO, IA, MS, NH, NY, SC and WA

 

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Abortion Clinic Regulation

Requiring All or Some Abortion Providers to Have Hospital Privileges or a Transfer Agreement with a Hospital

Click here for current status of state policy

Introduced in 1 state

CO

 

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Targeted Regulation of Abortion Providers

Click here for current status of state policy

Introduced in 8 states

CO, IN, IA, MO, NE, NY, TN and TX

 

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Crisis Pregnancy Centers

''Choose Life' License Plates

Click here for current status of state policy on 'Choose Life' License Plate laws

Introduced in 1 state

IL

 

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Regulation of Crisis Pregnancy Centers

Introduced in 3 states

AZ, MO and NY

 

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State Funding of Alternatives-to-Abortion Services

Introduced in 1 state

TX

 

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Insurance Coverage of Abortion

Abortion Coverage in Health Plans Offered Through Health Exchanges

Click here for current status of state policy

Introduced in 3 states (These bills may overlap with bills in Private Insurance Coverage.)

IA, MS and WV

 

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Private Insurance Coverage of Abortion

Click here for current status of state policy

Introduced in 5 states

MI, MS, NH, SC and WV

 

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Public Funding of Abortion for Low-Income Women

Click here for current status of state policy

Introduced in 4 states

MD, NH, PA and WV

 

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Requiring Abortion Coverage

Introduced in 2 states

NY and WA

 

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Later Term Abortion

'Partial-Birth' Abortion

Click here for current status of state policy

Introduced in 0 states

 

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'Postviability' Abortion

Click here for current status of state policy

Introduced in 0 states

 

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Restricts Abortion at 20 Weeks Postfertilization or at Another Specific Gestational Age

Click here for current status of state policy

Introduced in 6 states

IA, NH, NJ, SC, VA and WV

 

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Mandatory Counseling and Waiting Periods Before Abortion

State-Directed Counseling

Click here for current status of state policy

Introduced in 6 states (These bills may overlap with bills that require a waiting period.)

IN, IA, MO, NE, NY and TN

Including:

Information that the fetus can feel pain—1 state

Inaccurate information on abortion and risk of breast cancer1 state

Information that the fetus is a person—1 state

Bill Status:

Passed at least one chamber in AL and LA

Enacted in KS, LA and OK

 

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Requirements for Waiting Period before an Abortion

Click here for current status of state policy

Introduced in 2 states (These bills may overlap with bills that require abortion counseling.)

KY and MS

Including:

Requiring a woman to make two trips to the clinic1 state

 

KENTUCKY: In January, the Senate approved a bill that would require in-person counseling 24 hours before an abortion can be obtained, thereby requiring the woman to make at least two trips to the facility. The bill is awaiting action in the House.

 

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Medication Abortion

Click here for current status of state policy

Introduced in 3 states

AR, IA and SC

 

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Parental Involvement in Minor's Abortions

Parental Consent Requirements

Click here for current status of state policy

Introduced in 4 states

IN, ME, MO and TX

 

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Parental Notification Requirements

Click here for current status of state policy

Introduced in 4 states

CT, NJ, WA and WV

 

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Physicians

Physician Liability

Introduced in 0 states

 

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Physician-Only Requirements for Surgical and Medication Abortion

Click here for current status of state policy

Introduced in 2 states

AR and SC

 

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Prohibiting Coercing a Woman into Having an Abortion

Introduced in 2 states

CT and ND

 

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Protecting Access

Attempts to Repeal Abortion Restrictions

Introduced in 4 states

AZ, GA, TX and VA

 

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Clinic Access

Click here for current status of state policy

Introduced in 2 states

NH and NY

 

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Ensuring Legal Access to Abortion

Click here for current status of state policy

Introduced in 0 states

 

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Protecting Patients, Physician and Employees from Interference in Medical Care

Introduced in 3 states and the District of Columbia

DC, MO, VA and WA

 

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Repealing Pre-Roe Abortion Laws

Introduced in 0 states

 

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Reporting Requirements

Abortion Reporting

Click here for current status of state policy

Introduced in 3 states

IN, IA and NJ

 

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Minors Reporting

Introduced in 4 states

IN, MI, SD and TX

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Self-Induced Abortion

Introduced in 0 states

 

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Sex, Race or Genetic Selection

Introduced in 8 states

CO, IN, IA, MS, MO, SD, TX and WV

 

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State Employee and Facility Participation in Abortion

Introduced in 1 states

WV

 

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Tax Credit Program Excludes Organizations That Provide Abortion Services

Introduced in 0 states

 

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Training in Abortion Services

Introduced in 1 state

NY

Limits Training—0 states

Requires Training—1 state

 

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Ultrasound Requirements

Click here for current status of state policy

Introduced in 7 states

CO, MD, NJ, NY, SC, TN and WY

 

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ADOLESCENTS

Minors Access to Reproductive Healthcare

Click here for current status of state policy

Introduced in 6 states

CO, MO, NH, NJ, NY and TX

 

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Sex Education

Click here for current status of state policy

Introduced in 15 states

AZ, CO, HI, IA, IN, KS, MO, MS, NH, NJ, NY, SC, TX, VA and WA

 

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Statutory Rape Reporting

Introduced in 0 states

 

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CONTRACEPTION & PREVENTION

Definitions of Contraception

Introduced in 3 states

CO, MO and VA

 

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Emergency Contraception

Emergency Contraception Services for Sexual Assault Victims

Click here for current status of state policy

Introduced in 4 states

AZ, MI, MO and TX

 

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Restricting Access to Emergency Contraception

Introduced in 0 states

 

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Family Planning Funds

Abortion-Related Restrictions on Family Planning Funds

Click here for current status of state policy

Introduced in 3 states

MO, NH and TX

 

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Budget Bills: Family Planning Line Items

Introduced in 8 states

CO, DE, GA, MO, NJ, NY, VA and TX

 

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Repealing Abortion-Related Restrictions on Family Planning Funds

Introduced in 0 states

 

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Insurance Coverage

Contraceptive Coverage

Click here for current status of state policy

Introduced in 7 states

Limits Contraceptive Coverage: MT and NJ

Protects Contraceptive Coverage: CT, MT, VA and WA

Notice about coverage: NH and UT

 

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HPV Tests and Vaccine Coverage

Introduced in 0 states

 

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Protections for Confidential Medical Care within Insurance

Introduced in 1 state

ConfidentialityNJ

 

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Medicaid Family Planning Eligibility Expansions

Click here for current status of state policy

Introduced in 6 states

NE and ND

Expands access in 2 states

Repeal of Expansion in 0 states

 

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Parental Involvement Requirements for Minors Seeking Contraceptive Services

Click here for current status of state policy

Introduced in 0 states

 

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Partner Treatment for Sexually Transmitted Infections

Click here for current status of state policy

Introduced in 2 states

WV

Bill Status:

Enacted in MI

 

(ENACTED) MICHIGAN: In January, Gov. Rick Snyder (R) signed a bill that allows medical providers to prescribe or dispense a drug for treatment of an STI for a patient’s partner without first seeing the partner. The new law, which is in effect, also requires the department of health to establish rules determining allowable diseases for expedited partner therapy.

 

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Pharmacy or Pharmacist Requirements to Dispense Contraception

Click here for current status of state policy

Introduced in 5 states

AZ, MO, NJ, NY and TX

 

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PREGNANCY & BIRTH

Fetal and Pregnant Woman Assault

Introduced in 8 states

CO, IN, KY, MT, NH, NY, RI and WV

Bill Status:

       Passed at least one chamber in MT H.B. 197

 

MONTANA: In January, the House approved a measure to increase the penalty for crimes against a pregnant woman when the perpetrator knew or should have known that she was pregnant. The bill is awaiting action in the Senate.

 

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HIV Testing of Infants and Pregnant Women

Introduced in 1 state

NJ

 

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Infant Abandonment

Click here for current status of state policy

Introduced in 3 states

NJ, NY and VA

 

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Infertility Coverage

Introduced in 3 states

CT, HI and NJ

 

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Non-Medical Use of Ultrasound

Introduced in 0 states

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Stillbirth Certificates

Introduced in 4 states

NJ, TX, UT and WV

 

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Substance Abuse During Pregnancy

Click here for current status of state policy

Introduced in 8 states

AR, IN, KY, MS, NJ, NY, VA and WV

 

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REFUSAL CLAUSES

Religious Freedom Restoration Acts

Introduced in 6 states

CO, GA, IN, MI, TX and WV

 

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Abortion Services

Click here for current status of state policy

Facilities

Introduced in 3 states

MO, NH and PA

 

Health Professionals

Introduced in 3 states

MO, NH and PA

 

Insurers

Introduced in 1 state

NH

 

Pharmacists or Pharmacies

Introduced in 2 states

NH and PA

 

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Contraceptive Services

Click here for current status of state policy

Facilities

Introduced in 3 states

MO, NH and PA

 

Health Professionals

Introduced in 3 states

MO, NH and PA

 

Insurers

Introduced in 1 state

NH

 

Pharmacies or Pharmacists

Introduced in 2 states

NH and PA

 

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General Medical Care

Click here for current status of state policy

Facilities

Introduced in 2 states

MO and NH

 

Health Professionals

Introduced in 2 states

MO and NH

 

Insurers

Introduced in 1 state

NH

 

Pharmacists or Pharmacies

Introduced in 1 state

NH

 

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REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARDS

Bisphenol A (BPA)

 

 

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Dioxin

 

 

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Flame Retardants

 

 

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Lead

 

 

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Mercury

 

 

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Parabens

 

 

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Pesticides

 

 

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Phthalates

 

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