Advancing Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights
 

Monthly State Update:
MAJOR DEVELOPMENTS IN 2007

(as of 02/01/2007)

This update provides information on legislation, as well as relevant executive branch actions and judicial decisions in states across the country. For each of the topics listed below, the number of states in which legislation has been introduced is given, as are the names of the states in which subsequent action has been taken. Detailed summaries are provided for legislation that has been passed by at least one house of a legislature and for major court decisions; actions for the current month are in bold. For an archive of previous monthly updates, click here.  

As of the beginning of February, legislatures in 45 states (AK, AZ, AR, CA, CO, CT, DE, GA, HI, ID, IL, IN, IA, KS, KY, ME, MD, MA, MI, MN, MS, MO, MT, NE, NH, NJ, NM, NY, NC, ND, OH, OR, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, UT, VT, VA, WA, WV, WI and WY) were in regular session.  Legislatures in five states (AL, FL, LA, NV and OK) have not yet convened for the 2007 session.

Jump to actions around:

Abortion

Abortion Bans to Replace Roe

'Choose Life' License Plates

Crisis Pregnancy Centers/Alternatives to Abortion

Fetal Pain

Mandatory Counseling and Waiting Periods

Medication Abortion

Minors Reporting
Parental Involvement
'Partial-Birth' Abortion
Physician-Only Requirements
Postviability Abortion
Private Insurance Coverage of Abortion

Prohibiting Forcing a Women to Have an Abortion

Protecting Access to Abortion
Protecting Access to Clinics

Public Funding of Abortion

Requiring Abortion Providers to Have Hospital Privileges
Reporting Statistical Information to State Agencies
Stem-Cell and Embryo Research

Targeted Regulation of Abortion Providers
See Also:

Contraception and Prevention: Abortion-Related Restrictions on State Family Planning FundsFetal Assault
Refusal Clauses: Abortion Services (See also General Medical Services)

Contraception & Prevention
Abortion-Related Restrictions on State Family Planning Funds
Contraceptive Coverage
Emergency Contraception

HPV: Insurance Coverage

HPV: School Entry Requirements

Parental Involvement

Requiring Pharmacists or Pharmacies to Dispense Contraception

State Medicaid Family Planning Eligibility Expansions
See Also:

Youth: Child Abuse Reporting
Refusal Clauses: Contraceptive Services (See also General Medical Services)

 

Pregnancy & Birth

Fetal Assault

HIV Testing of Infants and Pregnant Women

Infant Abandonment

Infertility Coverage

Nonmedical Use of Ultrasound
Substance Abuse During Pregnancy

Refusal Clauses
Abortion Services
Contraceptive Services
General Medical Services

 

Youth
Child Abuse Reporting

Minors Access to Reproductive Health
Sex Education
See Also:

Abortion: Minors Reporting
Abortion: Parental Involvement
Contraception & Prevention: Parental Involvement

 

ABORTION

See also:

CONTRACEPTION & PREVENTION: Abortion-Related Restrictions on State Family Planning Funds
REFUSAL CLAUSES

Abortion Bans to Replace Roe

Introduced: 9 states

State with further action

Passed at least one chamber: ND

In January, the NORTH DAKOTA House passed a bill that would ban abortion if Roe v. Wade is overturned. Although the measure does not include any exceptions, it would explicitly permit a physician to avoid conviction if the procedure had been performed because the woman’s life had been endangered. The measure is awaiting Senate action.

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'Choose Life' License Plate Revenue Used to Fund Crisis Pregnancy Centers

Introduced: 2 states

Click here for current status of state policy

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Crisis Pregnancy Centers/Alternatives to Abortion

Introduced: 5 states

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Fetal Pain

(These bills overlap with bills in the Mandatory Counseling and Waiting Period category.)

Introduced: 5 states

Click here for the current status of state policy

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Mandatory Counseling and Waiting Periods Before Abortion

Women Required to Receive State-Directed Counseling:

Introduced: 4 states

Click here for current status of state policy

Requirements for State-Directed Counseling Followed by a Waiting Period:

Introduced: 3 states

Click here for current status of state policy

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Medication Abortion

Introduced: 3 states

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Minors Reporting Requirements

Introduced: 6 states

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Parental Involvement in Minors' Abortions

Parental Consent Requirements:

Introduced: 9 states

Click here for current status of state policy

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Parental Notification Requirements:

Introduced: 10 states

Click here for current status of state policy

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'Partial-Birth' Abortion

Introduced: 3 states

Click here for current status of state policy

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Physician-Only Requirements

Introduced: 0 states

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Postviability Abortion

Introduced: 5 states

Click here for current status of state policy

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Private Insurance Coverage of Abortion

Introduced: 1 state

Click here for current status of state policy

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Prohibiting Forcing a Women to Have an Abortion

Introduced: 3 states

State with further action:

Passed at least one chamber: VA

In January, the VIRGINIA House passed a measure that would make coercing a woman into having an abortion felony. The measure is awaiting Senate action.

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Protecting Access to Abortion

Introduced: 1 state

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Protecting Access to Clinics

Introduced: 2 states

Click here for current status of state policy

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Public Funding of Abortion for Low-Income Women

Introduced: 7 states

Click here for current status of state policy

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Reporting Statistical Information to State Agencies

Introduced: 5 states

Click here for current status of state policy

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Requiring Abortion Providers to Have Hospital Privileges

Introduced: 0 states

Click here for current status of state policy

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Stem-Cell and Embryo Research

Introduced: 19 states

States with further action

Passed at least one chamber: MT

Enacted: MI

(ENACTED) In January, MICHIGAN Gov. Jennifer Granholm (D) signed into law a series of measures establishing and funding a cord blood bank network throughout the state and creating educational materials for clinicians and the public. At the same time, Granholm vetoed a companion measure that would have allowed for tax credits for individuals who donate money to the banks. The measures, which passed the legislature in December, are in effect.

In January, the MONTANA House passed a measure that would prohibit human cloning. The measure would not restrict stem cell research and does not apply to in vitro fertilization. It is awaiting Senate action.

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Targeted Regulation of Abortion Providers

Introduced: 6 states

State with further action

Passed at least one chamber: VA

In January, the VIRGINIA House passed a measure that would reclassify facilities that perform 25 or more first trimester abortions annually as ambulatory surgical facilities, which would require them to meet stricter inspection and building codes. The measure is awaiting action in the Senate.

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CONTRACEPTION & PREVENTION

See also:

REFUSAL CLAUSES
YOUTH: Child Abuse Reporting

Abortion-Related Restrictions on Family Planning Funds

Introduced: 3 states

Click here for current status of state policy

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Contraceptive Coverage Mandates

Introduced: 4 states

Click here for current status of state policy

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Emergency Contraception

(See Also: Requiring Pharmacists to Dispense Contraception and Establishing the Right to Refuse to Provide Contraceptive Services)

Offering Emergency Contraception Services to Sexual Assault Victims:

Introduced: 7 states
State with further action

Passed at least one chamber: CO

Click here for current status of state policy

In January, the COLORADO Senate adopted a measure that would require hospitals to provide women who have been sexually assaulted with information about emergency contraception; it would not require hospitals to provide the medication itself. The bill would allow a medical professional to refuse to provide the information because of a religious or moral objection. The measure is awaiting action by the House.

Allowing Pharmacists to Provide Emergency Contraception without a Prescription:

Introduced: 2 states

Click here for current status of state policy

Expanding Access to Emergency Contraception:

Introduced: 1 state

Click here for current status of state policy

Restricting Access to Emergency Contraception:

Introduced: 2 states

Click here for current status of state policy

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Requiring Pharmacists or Pharmacies to Dispense Contraception

Introduced: 5 states

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HPV: Insurance Coverage

Introduced: 12 states

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HPV: School Entry Requirements

Introduced: 20 states

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Parental Involvement Requirements for Minors Seeking Contraceptive Services

Introduced: 0 states

Click here for current status of state policy

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State Medicaid Family Planning Eligibility Expansions

Introduced: 1 state

Click here for current status of state policy

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PREGNANCY & BIRTH

See also:

REFUSAL CLAUSES

Fetal and Pregnant Woman Assault

Introduced: 22 states

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HIV Testing of Infants and Pregnant Women

Introduced: 3 states

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Infant Abandonment

Introduced: 9 states

Click here for current status of state policy

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Infertility Coverage

Introduced: 9 states

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Nonmedical Use of Ultrasound

Introduced: 0 states

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Substance Abuse During Pregnancy

Introduced: 17 states

State with further action

Passed at least one chamber: MT

Click here for current status of state policy

In January, the MONTANA House passed a measure that would require individuals operating in a professional capacity to report to the Department of Health if they know of an infant affected by drug exposure. The measure is awaiting Senate action.

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REFUSAL CLAUSES

Establishing the Right to Refuse to Provide Abortion Services

Allowing Health Professionals to Refuse:

Introduced: 3 states

Click here for current status of state policy

Allowing Insurers to Refuse:

Introduced: 3 states

Click here for current status of state policy

Allowing Pharmacists to Refuse:

Introduced: 5 states

Click here for current status of state policy

Allowing Facilities to Refuse:

Introduced: 3 states

Click here for current status of state policy

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Establishing the Right to Refuse to Provide Contraceptive Services

(See also: Requiring Pharmacists to Dispense Contraception)

Allowing Health Professionals to Refuse:

Introduced: 3 states

Click here for current status of state policy

Allowing Insurers to Refuse:

Introduced: 3 states

Click here for current status of state policy

Allowing Pharmacies to Refuse:

Introduced: 3 states

Click here for current status of state policy

Allowing Pharmacists to Refuse:

Introduced: 5 states

Click here for current status of state policy

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Establishing the Right to Refuse to Provide Medical Care in General

Allowing Health Professionals to Refuse:

Introduced: 3 states

Click here for current status of state policy

Allowing Insurers to Refuse:

Introduced:3 states

Click here for current status of state policy

Allowing Pharmacists to Refuse:

Introduced: 5 states

Click here for current status of state policy

Allowing Facilities to Refuse:

Introduced: 3 states

Click here for current status of state policy

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YOUTH

See also:
ABORTION: Parental Involvement
CONTRACEPTION & PREVENTION: Parental Involvement

Child Abuse Reporting

Introduced: 3 states

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Minors Access to Reproductive Healthcare

Introduced: 4 states

State with further action

Passed at least one chamber: ND

Click here for current status of state policy

In January, the NORTH DAKOTA Senate passed a measure that would guarantee a minor’s right to consent to care related to the detection or treatment of pregnancy. Physicians would have the right to notify a minor’s parents only if she were first informed and the notification was deemed necessary because of prolonged hospitalization or a threat to the minor’s physical or mental health. The measure is awaiting action in the House.

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Sex Education

Introduced: 13 states

Click here for current status of state policy

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Production of the State Update is made possible by support from The David and Lucile Packard Foundation and The John Merck Fund.