Note: All counts refer to laws in effect as of July 1, 2020.

Our analysis of the state abortion policy landscape in the United States looks at the extent to which each state’s abortion policy environment demonstrates hostility to, or support of, abortion rights. We consider whether any of six types of abortion restrictions and any of six types of policies that support abortion rights and access are in effect (see below for specific policies). Based on the number of policies in each of these groups, a state is placed in one of seven classifications, ranging from very hostile to very supportive.

 

Hostile and Supportive States

This policy landscape has changed over time. In 2010:

And in 2000:

 

 

 

U.S. Women of Reproductive Age (aged 13–44)

As the policy landscape has shifted, so has the number of women living in different classifications of states.  

In 2010:

In 2000:

 

Methodological Notes

Data on U.S. women aged 13–44 are from the American Community Survey. States were scored based on whether they had policies in effect in any of six categories of abortion restrictions and any of six categories of measures that protect or expand abortion rights and access. Policies were not counted as in effect if they were blocked by court order (temporarily or permanently), or if the effective date had not yet been reached. (Until 2018, Guttmacher Institute analyses of the state abortion policy landscape included only abortion restrictions and considered 10 categories of restrictions. The six current categories consolidated some issue areas and scores cannot be directly compared with previous analyses.) Each state was given a score of 1 for every protective measure in effect and a score of -1 for every abortion restriction in effect. A state with a score of either positive or negative six has either all of the abortion restrictions or all of the protective measures in effect. A state with a score of -5, for example, has either five restrictions and no protective measures or a combination of six restrictions and one protective measure. 

A state is considered very hostile to abortion rights if it has all six abortion restrictions in effect. A state is considered hostile to abortion rights if it has a score of -4 or -5. A state is considered to be leaning hostile to abortion rights if it has a score of -2 or -3.

A state is considered very supportive if it has all six types of measures that expand or protect abortion rights and access in effect. It is considered supportive if it has a score of 4 or 5. A state is considered to be leaning supportive if it has a score of 2 or 3.

States scoring between 1 and -1 are considered middle-ground.

Six abortion restrictions:

Six protective policies:

See here for a spreadsheet detailing policies in effect for each state.