In January 1973, the U.S. Supreme Court ruling in Roe v. Wade affirmed the constitutional right to abortion. Since then, Roe has been used as shorthand for federal protections of abortion rights.

Today, the abortion policy landscape in the United States is shifting in major ways.

Whether you’ve been covering abortion policy for years or are new to the issue, here are 15 key ideas to consider as you write about the future of abortion rights in the United States.

1. At the end of 2021, the Supreme Court will hear oral arguments in a case that could roll back generations of abortion rights in the United States.
2. Today, abortion is a widely shared experience in the United States.
3. Even with Roe v. Wade in place, many people are already unable to obtain abortion care.
4. Six in 10 U.S. women of reproductive age live in states that are hostile to abortion rights.
5. Nearly 50 years of escalating anti-abortion campaigns and policies set the stage for the situation we are in today.
6. The people most affected by these 1,300+ abortion restrictions are those already facing overlapping systems of oppression.
7. Abortion restrictions are political tools designed to make abortion harder to access and are not focused on helping people or improving medical standards of care.
8. Anti-abortion laws block patients from getting care by intentionally targeting people where they are most vulnerable: finances and logistics.
9. Many states supportive of reproductive rights have laws on the books that maintain or expand the right to abortion with or without Roe.
10. The 6-3 anti-abortion majority on the US Supreme Court has signaled that it is ready to strike a blow against abortion rights.
11. A recent Guttmacher analysis shows that if Roe v Wade is weakened or overturned, there are 26 states that are certain or likely to quickly ban abortion to the fullest possible extent.
12. For years, anti-abortion activists have been teeing up blatantly unconstitutional state laws to lie in wait for a day when Roe is gone or drastically undermined.
13. Research shows that pregnant people are harmed in many different ways when they don’t have access to abortion care.
14. Abortion funds and practical support networks already exist and are incredibly important.
15. Congress has the tools to put an end to discriminatory state restrictions and let people get the abortion care they need.