Background

Since the Supreme Court handed down its 1973 decisions in Roe v. Wade and Doe v. Bolton, states have constructed a lattice work of abortion law, codifying, regulating and limiting whether, when and under what circumstances a woman may obtain an abortion. The following table highlights the major provisions of these state laws.  More detailed information can be found by selecting the table column headings in blue. Except where noted, the laws are in effect, although they may not always be enforced.

Highlights

Overview of State Abortion Law (page 1 of 2)

STATE

MUST BE PERFORMED BY A LICENSED PHYSICIAN

MUST BE PERFORMED IN A HOSPITAL IF AT:

 

SECOND PHYSICIAN MUST PARTICIPATE IF AT:

PROHIBITED EXCEPT IN CASES OF LIFE OR HEALTH ENDANGERMENT IF AT:

"PARTIAL-BIRTH" ABORTION BANNED

PUBLIC FUNDING OF ABORTION

PRIVATE INSURANCE COVERAGE LIMITED

Funds All or Most Medically Necessary Abortions

Funds Limited  to Life Endangerment, Rape and Incest

AL

X

Viability

Viability

20 weeks*

 

X

 

AK

X

 

 

 

X

 

 

AZ

X

Viability

Viability

Viability

X

X

 

X

AR

X

 

Viability

20 weeks†​

X

 

X

 

CA

 

 

 

Viability

 

X

 

 

CO

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

CT

 

Viability

 

Viability

 

X

 

 

DE

X

 

 

ViabilityΩ​

 

 

X

 

DC

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

FL

X

Viability

24 weeks

24 weeks

 

X

 

GA

X

 

 

20 weeks*

Postviability

 

X

 

HI

Xξ​

 

 

Viability

 

X

 

 

ID

X

Viability

3rd trimester

Viability

 

X

X

IL

 Xξ​

 

Viability

Viability

X

 

 

IN

X

20 weeks

20 weeks

20 weeks*

X

 

X*

X

IA

X

 

 

20 weeks*

 

X

 

KS

X

 

Viability

20 weeks*

X

 

X

X

KY

X

2nd trimester

 

20 weeks*

 

X

X

LA

X

 

Viability

20 weeks*

X

 

X

 

ME

X

 

 

Viability

 

 

X

 

MD

X

 

 

Viability

 

X

 

 

MA

Xξ​

 

 

24 weeks

 

X

 

 

MI

X

 

 

Viability‡​

X

 

X

 X

MN

X

 

20 weeks

Viability

 

X

 

 

MS

XФ​

 

 

20 weeks*

X

 

X

 

MO

X

Viability

Viability

Viability

 

X

X

MT

 

 

Viability

Viability*

Postviability

X

 

 

NE

X

 

 

20 weeks*

 

X

X

NV

X

24 weeks

 

24 weeks

 

 

X

 

NH

 

 

 

 

X

 

X

 

NJ

Xξ​

14 weeks

 

 

X

 

 

NM

Xξ​

 

 

 

Postviability

X

 

 

NY

 Xξ​

 

24 weeks

24 weeks‡​

 

X

 

 

NC

X

20 weeks

 

20 weeks

 

 

X

 

ND

X

 

 

20 weeks*

X

 

X

X

OH

X

20 weeks

20 weeks

20 weeks*

X

 

X

 

OK

X

2nd trimester

Viability

20 weeks*

X

 

X

X

OR

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

 

PA

X

Viability

Viability

24 weeks*

 

 

X

 

RI

 

 

 

24 weeks‡​

 

X

SC

X

3rd trimester

3rd trimester

20 weeks*

X

 

X

 

SD

X

24 weeks

 

20 weeks*

X

 

Life Only

 

TN

X

Viability 

Viability 

Viability*

X

 

X

 

TX

X

 

 

20 weeks*

 X

 

X

 

UT

X

 

 

Viability†,Ω​

X

 

X*

X

VT

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

 

VA

X

2nd trimester

Viability

3rd trimester

X

 

XΩ​

 

WA

Xξ​ 

 

 

Viability

 

X

 

 

WV

 

 

 

20 weeks*

X

 

 

WI

X

Viability

 

20 weeks*

 

X*

 

WY

X

 

 

Viability

 

 

X

 

TOTAL

41

19

19

43

20

17

32+DC

11

Permanently enjoined; law not in effect.
*   Exception in case of threat to the woman's physical health.
  Exception in case of rape or incest.
  Exception in case of life endangerment only. A 2016 New York Attorney General opinion determined that the state’s law conflicts with U.S. Supreme Court rulings on abortion, and that abortion care is permissible under the U.S. Constitution to protect a woman’s health, or when the fetus is not viable.
 Exception in case of fetal abnormality.
ξ    Only applies to surgical abortion. In New Mexico, some but not all advanced practice clinicians may provide medication abortion.
Ф  Law limits abortion provision to OB/GYNs.

 

 

Overview of State Abortion Law (page 2 of 2)

STATE

PROVIDERS MAY REFUSE TO PARTICIPATE

MANDATED COUNSELING INCLUDES INFORMATION ON:

WAITING PERIOD (in Hours) AFTER COUNSELING

PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT REQUIRED FOR MINORS

 

Individual

Institution

Breast Cancer

Link

Fetal Pain

Negative Psychological Effects

AL

 

 

 

 

 

48

Consent

AK

X

Private

X

X

 

 

AZ

X

X

 

 

 

24

Consent

AR

X

X

 

XФ​

 

48

Consent

CA

X

Religious

 

 

 

 

CO

 

 

 

 

 

 

Notice

CT

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

DE

X

X

 

 

 

 

Noticeξ​

DC

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

FL

X

X

 

 

 

§

Notice

GA

X

X

 

X

 

24

Notice

HI

X

X

 

 

 

 

 

ID

X

X

 

 

 

24

Consent

IL

X

Private

 

 

 

 

Notice

IN

X

Private

 

X

 

18

Consent

IA

X

Private

 

 

 

 §

Notice

KS

X

X

X

X

X

24

Consent

KY

X

X

 

 

 

24

Consent

LA

X

X

 

X

X

24

Consent

ME

X

X

 

 

 

 

 

MD

X

X

 

 

 

 

Notice

MA

X

X

 

 

 

Consent

MI

X

X

 

 

X

24

Consent

MN

X

Private

 

XФ​

 

24

Noticeþ​

MS

X

X

X

 

 

24

Consentþ​

MO

X

X

 

XФ​

 

72

Consent

MT

X

Private

 

 

 

NE

X

X

 

 

X

24

Consent

NV

X

Private

 

 

 

 

NH

 

 

 

 

 

 

Notice

NJ

X

Private

 

 

 

 

NM

X

X

 

 

 

 

NY

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

NC

X

X

 

 

X

72

Consent

ND

X

X

 

 

 

24

Consentþ​

OH

X

X

 

 

 

24

Consent

OK

X

Private

X

XФ​

 

72

Consent and Notice

OR

X

Private

 

 

 

 

 

PA

X

Private

 

 

 

24

Consent

RI

X

 

 

 

 

 

Consent

SC

X

Private

 

 

 

24

Consent

SD

X

X

 

X

X

72

Notice

TN

X

X

 

 

 

48

Consent

TX

X

Private

X

X

X

24

Consent and Notice

UT

X

Private

 

XФ​

 

72◊​

Consent and Notice

VT

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

VA

X

X

 

 

 

24

Consent and Notice

WA

X

X

 

 

 

 

 

WV

 

 

 

 

X

24

Noticeξ​

WI

X

X

 

 

24

Consentξ​

WY

X

Private

 

 

 

 

Consent and Notice

TOTAL

45

42

5

13

8

27

37

Permanently enjoined; law not in effect. 
§   Enforcement temporarily enjoined by court order; policy not in effect.
Ф  Fetal pain information is given only to women who are at least 20 weeks gestation; in Missouri at 22 weeks gestation.
þ   Both parents must consent to the abortion.
ξ   Specified health professionals may waive parental involvement in certain circumstances.
   In South Dakota, the waiting period excludes weekends or annual holidays and in Utah the waiting period is waived in cases of rape, incest, fetal defect or if the patient is younger than 15.