Background

On June 24, 2022, the US Supreme Court overturned abortion rights. We are updating this fact sheet as states implement and enforce abortion bans.

Definitions

Last menstrual period (LMP): The beginning of pregnancy calculated from the start of the most recent menstrual period. An average pregnancy lasts approximately 40 weeks from this point.

Postfertilization: The beginning of pregnancy calculated from the date of conception; 20 weeks postfertilization is equivalent to 22 weeks LMP.

Postimplantation: The beginning of pregnancy calculated from the date of embryo implantation; 24 weeks postimplantation is equivalent to 27 weeks LMP.

General health: Defined by an individual doctor and includes the patient’s mental and emotional health.

Physical health: Applies only to the physical function of the patient’s body and may even be restricted to major bodily functions.

Viability: The point at which a fetus can sustain survival outside the uterus. Determined based on the fetus’s developmental progress and may vary by pregnancy. A fetus generally reaches viability between 24 and 28 weeks LMP.

Highlights

State Bans on Abortion Throughout Pregnancy

Statutory limit

State

Exceptions

Life

General
health

Physical
health
§

Other

Conception

Alabama

X

 

X

 

 

Arkansas

X

 

 

 

 

Missouri

X

 

X

 

 

Oklahoma

X

 

 

 

 

South Dakota

X

 

 

 

TOTAL IN EFFECT

5

5

 

2

 

6 weeks LMP

Georgia

 

 

 

Idaho

 

 

 

Iowa

 

 

 

Kentucky

 

 

  Louisiana    

 

North Dakota

 

 

 

Ohio

X

 

X

 

 

Oklahoma

 

 

 

South Carolina

X   X Rape, incest, lethal fetal anomaly
  Tennessee

 

 
  Texas

X

 

X

 

TOTAL IN EFFECT

3

3

 

3

1

8 weeks LMP

Missouri

 

 

TOTAL IN EFFECT

0

0

 

0

0 

12 weeks LMP

Arkansas

 

 

TOTAL IN EFFECT

0

0

 

0

0

15 weeks LMP Florida X   X Lethal fetal anomaly

 

Kentucky

 

 

 

Louisiana

 

Lethal fetal anomaly

 

Mississippi

 

 

TOTAL IN EFFECT

1

1

 

1

 1

18 weeks LMP

Arkansas

 

 

 

Utah

 

Rape, incest, lethal fetal anomaly

TOTAL IN EFFECT

0

0

 

0

20 weeks LMP

Arizona

 

 

 
Mississippi*,†
X   X Lethal fetal anomaly

 

Montana

 

 

 

North Carolina

 

 

TOTAL IN EFFECT

1

1

 

1

1

 22 weeks LMP

Georgia*

X

 

X

Lethal fetal anomaly

 

Idaho

 

 

 

Indiana†,*

X

 

X

 

 

Iowa*

X

 

X

 

 

Kansas*,‡

X

 

X

 

 

Kentucky

X

 

X

 

  Louisiana X   X Lethal fetal anomaly

 

Nebraska*

X

 

X

 

 

North Dakota*,†

X

 

X

 

 

South Carolina*,‡

X

 

X

Lethal fetal anomaly

 

West Virginia*

X

 

X

 

 

Wisconsin*

X

 

X

 

TOTAL IN EFFECT

11

11

 

11

3

 24 weeks LMP

Nevada

X

X

 

 

 

Massachusettsβ

X

X

 

Lethal fetal anomaly 

 

New Hampshire

X

 

X

 

 

Pennsylvania†,‡

X

 

X

 

TOTAL IN EFFECT

4

4

2

2

1

Viability

Arizona

X

X

 

 

 

California

X

X

 

 

 

Connecticut

X

X

 

 

 

Delaware

X

X

 

Lethal fetal anomaly

 

Hawaii

X

X

 

 

 

Idaho

X

 

 

 

 

Illinois

X

X

 

 

 

Maine

X

X

 

 

 

Maryland

X

X

 

Fetal anomaly

 

Michigan

X

 

 

 

 

Minnesota

X

X

 

 

 

Montana

X

 

X

 

 

New York

X

X

 

 

 

North Carolina

X

 

X

 

 

Rhode Island

X

X

 

 

 

Tennessee†,‡

X

 

X

 

 

Utah

X

 

X

Rape, incest, fetal anomaly

 

Washington

X

X

 

 

 

Wyoming

X

 

X

 

TOTAL IN EFFECT

19

19

12

5

4

Third trimester

Virginia

X

X

 

 

TOTAL IN EFFECT

1

1

1

0

0

▼ Permanently enjoined by court order; law not in effect. Oklahoma's six-week ban was superseded by a total ban.

Temporarily enjoined by court order; law not in effect. Louisiana’s six-week ban only goes into effect if Mississippi’s ban is allowed to take effect.

§ This exception typically permits an abortion when the individual suffers from a condition that risks “substantial and irreversible impairment” or “imminent peril” of a “major bodily function.”

* Based on the assertion that a fetus can feel pain at 18 or 20 weeks postfertilization.

† State requires a second physician to attend an abortion that takes place after the state’s gestational age limit. Minnesota requires the presence of a second physician at or after 20 weeks LMP.
‡ State requires a second physician to approve an abortion if it will take place after the state’s gestational age limit. Idaho and Kansas require approval only for an abortion after viability.

β State law defines pregnancy from the date of embryo implantation.