The Alan Guttmacher Institute



Monthly State Update:
MAJOR DEVELOPMENTS IN 2005

(as of 2/1/2005)

This update summarizes legislation that has passed at least one house of the legislature, executive branch actions and judicial decisions. Entries are organized by the following topical areas. Within each topic, entries are listed alphabetically by state; actions for the current month are in bold. For an archive of previous monthly updates click here.

As of the beginning of February, legislatures in 44 states (AK, AZ, AR, CA, CO, CT, DE, GA, HI, ID, IL, IN, IA, KS, KY, ME, MD, MA, MI, MN, MS, MO, MT, NE, NH, NJ, NM, NY, NC, ND, OH, OR, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, UT, VT, VA, WA, WI and WY) were in regular session. Legislatures in six states (AL, FL, LA, NV, OK and WV) have not yet convened in a regular session in 2005.

Jump to actions around:

Abortion
'Choose Life' License Plates
Comprehensive Abortion Bans
Mandatory Counseling and Waiting Periods
Parental Involvement
'Partial-Birth' Abortion
Physician-Only Requirements
Postviability Abortion
Private Insurance Coverage of Abortion
Protecting Access to Clinics
Public Funding of Abortion
Reporting Statistical Information to State Agencies
Stem-Cell and Embryo Research
See Also:
Contraception and Prevention: Abortion-Related Restrictions on State Family Planning Funds

Fetal Assault
Refusal Clauses: Abortion Services (See also General Medical Services)

Contraception & Prevention
Abortion-Related Restrictions on State Family Planning Funds
Contraceptive Coverage
Emergency Contraception

Parental Involvement

State Medicaid Family Planning Eligibility Expansions

See Also:
Youth: Child Abuse Reporting
Refusal Clauses: Contraceptive Services (See also General Medical Services)

Pregnancy & Birth

Fetal Assault

Infant Abandonment
Substance Abuse During Pregnancy

Refusal Clauses
Abortion Services
Contraceptive Services
General Medical Services

Youth
Child Abuse Reporting
Sex Education
See Also:
Abortion: Parental Involvement
Contraception & Prevention: Parental Involvement

 

ABORTION

See also:
CONTRACEPTION & PREVENTION: Abortion-Related Restrictions on State Family Planning Funds
REFUSAL CLAUSES

 

'Choose Life' License Plate Revenue Used to Fund Crisis Pregnancy Centers

Introduced: 3 states

Click here for current status of state policy

In January , the U.S. Supreme Court declined to review a lower court decision invalidating SOUTH CAROLINA'S \x91Choose Life' license plate program. The effort was established in 2001 and blocked later that year when Planned Parenthood of South Carolina filed suit, claiming that the program violates the First Amendment by denying abortion rights supporters an equal opportunity to express their views. The state now may either eliminate the specialty plates or offer one with a prochoice message.

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Comprehensive Bans on Abortion

Introduced: 2 states

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Mandatory Counseling and Waiting Periods Before Abortion

Women Required to Receive State-Directed Counseling:

Introduced: 8 states
States with further action

Committee action: VA

Click here for current status of state policy

Requirements for State-Directed Counseling Followed by a Waiting Period:

Introduced: 8 states

Click here for current status of state policy

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Parental Involvement in Minors' Abortions

Parental Consent Requirements:

Introduced: 4 states

Click here for current status of state policy

Parental Notification Requirements:

Introduced: 11 states

Click here for current status of state policy

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'Partial-Birth' Abortion

Introduced: 2 states

Click here for current status of state policy

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Postviability Abortion

Introduced: 1 state

Click here for current status of state policy

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Private Insurance Coverage of Abortion

Introduced: 3 states

Click here for current status of state policy

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Protecting Access to Clinics

Introduced: 1 state

Click here for current status of state policy

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Public Funding of Abortion for Low-Income Women

Introduced: 2 states

Click here for current status of state policy

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Physician-Only Requirements for Abortion

Introduced: 1 state

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Reporting Statistical Information to State Agencies

Introduced: 3 states

Click here for current status of state policy

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Stem-Cell and Embryo Research

Introduced: 15 states

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CONTRACEPTION & PREVENTION

See also:

REFUSAL CLAUSES
YOUTH: Child Abuse Reporting

Abortion-Related Restrictions on Family Planning Funds

Introduced: 3 states


Click here for current status of state policy

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Contraceptive Coverage Mandates

Introduced: 9 states

Click here for current status of state policy

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Emergency Contraception

Offering Emergency Contraception Services to Sexual Assault Victims:

Introduced: 6 states
States with further action

Passed at least one chamber:CO
Click here for current status of state policy

In January, the COLORADO House approved a measure that would require hospitals and other health care facilities to provide emergency contraception services to women who have been sexually assaulted. The facilities would be required to offer emergency contraception and to either dispense the medication or refer women to a nearby pharmacy. The measure would allow individual health care providers at these facilities to refuse to provide this care if doing so would conflict with their religious or moral beliefs. The bill also contains a provision stating that hospitals could refuse to provide emergency contraception to a woman who is \x93not at risk of becoming pregnant as a result of the sexual assault or already is pregnant.\x94 The measure is awaiting consideration by the Senate.

Allowing Pharmacists to Provide Emergency Contraception without a Prescription:

Introduced: 2 states

States with further action

Passed at least one chamber: NY

Click here for current status of state policy

In January, the NEW YORK Assembly approved a measure that would allow pharmacists and registered nurses to dispense emergency contraception without a prescription if acting under the aegis of an agreement with a physician, nurse practitioner or licensed midwife. The pharmacist would be required to complete training on emergency contraception and provide clients with a fact sheet that would be developed by the state department of health. The measure is awaiting consideration by the Senate.

Restricting Access to Emergency Contraception:

Introduced: 1 state

Parental Involvement Requirements for Minors Seeking Contraceptive Services

Introduced: 2 states

States with further action

Committee action: VA

Click here for current status of state policy

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State Medicaid Family Planning Eligibility Expansions

Introduced: 1state

Click here for current status of state policy

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PREGNANCY & BIRTH

See also:

REFUSAL CLAUSES

Fetal and Pregnant Woman Assault

Introduced: 6 states

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Infant Abandonment

Introduced: 9 states

States with further action

Committee action: MT

Click here for current status of state policy

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Substance Abuse During Pregnancy

Introduced: 6 states

Click here for current status of state policy

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REFUSAL CLAUSES

Establishing the Right to Refuse to Provide Abortion Services

Allowing Health Professionals to Refuse:

Introduced: 5 states

Click here for current status of state policy

Allowing Insurers to Refuse:

Introduced: 3 states

Click here for current status of state policy

Allowing Pharmacists to Refuse:

Introduced: 5 states

Click here for current status of state policy

Allowing Facilities to Refuse:

Introduced: 4states

Click here for current status of state policy

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Establishing the Right to Refuse to Provide Contraceptive Services

Allowing Health Professionals to Refuse:

Introduced: 6 states

Click here for current status of state policy

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Allowing Pharmacists to Refuse:

Introduced: 5 states

Click here for current status of state policy

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Establishing the Right to Refuse to Provide Medical Care in General

Allowing Health Professionals to Refuse:

Introduced: 3 states

Click here for current status of state policy

Allowing Insurers to Refuse:

Introduced: 3 states

Click here for current status of state policy

Allowing Pharmacists to Refuse:

Introduced: 2 states

Click here for current status of state policy

Allowing Facilities to Refuse:

Introduced: 3 states

Click here for current status of state policy

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YOUTH

See also:
ABORTION: Parental Involvement
CONTRACEPTION & PREVENTION: Parental Involvement

Child Abuse Reporting

Introduced: 1 state

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Sex Education

Provisions Requiring Sex Education:

Introduced: 8 states

Click here for current status of state policy

Provisions Requiring HIV Education:

Introduced: 4 states

Click here for current status of state policy

Provisions Requiring that Sex Education Curricula be Medically Accurate:

Introduced: 3 states

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Production of the State Update is made possible by support from The David and Lucile Packard Foundation and the Prospect Hill Foundation.




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