Sex, Contraception and Childbearing Among High-Risk Youth: Do Different Factors Influence Males and Females?

Lori Kowaleski-Jones, Guttmacher Institute Frank L. Mott, Guttmacher Institute

First published online:

| DOI: https://doi.org/10.1363/3016398
Abstract / Summary

Context: The likelihood that adolescents will engage in sexual activity, use contraceptives or become parents is influenced by a range of attitudes and behaviors. These factors may differ for males and females.

Methods: Data on female respondents to the 1979-1992 waves of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth and the linked 1994 young adult data file on their children provided background information on 959 adolescents who had been born to young mothers. Partial correlation analysis was used to examine the factors related to sexual behavior, contraceptive use and childbirth, controlling for maternal and familial characteristics, in this relatively disadvantaged sample.

Results: Youth who are inclined toward risk-taking and those who have run away from home are more likely than others to be sexually active. For young women, having intercourse at an early age, not using contraceptives and having a child are linked with depression, low self-esteem and little sense of control over their lives. The results for young men are less consistent and often in the opposite direction. Young people who have become parents evidence greater maturity than their childless peers; women are less likely to consume alcohol or to spend time with friends who drink, and men are more likely to participate in socially productive work.

Conclusions: Although sexual behavior is tied to risk-taking in both adolescent males and females, some noticeable psychological differences are evidenced early. Behaviorally, there is room for optimism, in that young parents appear to adopt more mature traits.

Family Planning Perspectives, 1998, 30(4):163-169

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Author's Affiliations

Lori Kowaleski-Jones is a postdoctoral fellow, Institute for Policy Research, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL; and Frank L. Mott is senior research scientist, Center for Human Resource Research, and professor, Department of Sociology, The Ohio State University, Columbus. A previous version of this article was delivered at the annual meeting of the Population Association of America, New Orleans, May 9-11, 1996. The authors thank Elizabeth C. Cooksey for very helpful comments. The research on which this article is based was supported with funds from grant APR01 RA 000961 from the Office of Population Affairs, Department of Health and Human Services. The views expressed are those of the authors and are not meant to represent those of the funding agency.


The views expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect those of the Guttmacher Institute.