In the 1990s, a handful of states imposed abortion-related restrictions on state family planning funds. Some of these laws ban the use of state family planning funds to provide abortion counseling and referrals to women who have unintended pregnancies. (However, to prevent the loss of federal funds, all but one specifically allow organizations receiving funding under the federal Title X family planning program to provide the nondirective pregnancy-options counseling and requested referrals required by the program.) Additionally, these restrictions often require strict separation between organizations providing state-funded family planning services and those providing abortion-related services. Such requirements may entail making the organizations separate legal entities and may prohibit them from sharing employees, medical supplies and physical facilities.
In 2011, spurred by the effort at the federal level to prohibit Planned Parenthood Federation of America from receiving federal family planning funds, legislators in some states are reviewing this issue and questioning whether agencies that use private funds for abortion are barred from receiving state family planning funding, or, in some cases, federal funds—including Medicaid reimbursement—that pass through the state treasury.
- 4 states prohibit the use of state family planning funds for abortion counseling and referral.
- 11 states prohibit certain entities from receiving family planning funds, in 7 states the restrictions apply to organizations that provide abortion services, or are affiliated with agencies that provide abortion services, and in 4 states the restriction applies to any private organization.
6 states have a priority system for the distribution of family planning funds– including federal funds distributed by a state agency– that disadvantages family planning centers or agencies associated with the provision of abortion services.
- United States: Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming
Monthly State Policy Updates
Get an overview of state legislative and policy activity in all topics of sexual and reproductive health.