Estimating Abortion Provision and Abortion Referrals Among United States Obstetrician-Gynecologists in Private Practice

Sheila Desai, Guttmacher Institute Rachel K. Jones, Guttmacher Institute Kate Castle, Guttmacher Institute

First published on Contraception:

| DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.contraception.2017.11.004
Abstract / Summary

Objective
To examine the provision of abortion by obstetrician-gynecologists in private practice in the United States (U.S.), and their willingness to provide referrals for abortion services.

Study design
We conducted a cross-sectional national survey of 1961 U.S. obstetrician-gynecologists to estimate the frequency with which abortions and referrals for abortion care were provided in private practice settings. Key measures included whether respondents had provided any abortions in 2013 or 2014, type of abortions provided, and willingness to provide abortion referrals. Facility location by region was the only measured correlate of abortion provision.

Results
We received a total of 988 surveys for a response rate of 65%. Sixty-seven (7%) obstetrician-gynecologists reported providing at least one abortion in 2013 or 2014, though this result ranged from 4% (n=23) to 13% (n=44) of obstetrician-gynecologists depending on survey response type. Among physicians practicing in the Northeast and West, 14% and 10%, respectively (n=24 in each region) were abortion providers compared to 4% (n=9) and 3% (n=10) of physicians in the Midwest and South, respectively. Twenty-three (42%) providers indicated only performing surgical abortions, 14 (25%) indicated only medication abortions, and 18 (33%) reported providing both. Among respondents who did not provide abortions, just over half (n=415, 54%) indicated that they referred patients to a facility or practice where they could obtain an abortion, but 271 (35%) said they would not provide a referral.

Conclusions
Only a small proportion of all obstetrician-gynecologists in private practice settings provide abortions. Among non-providers, a substantial minority do not offer abortion referrals.

Implications
Particularly in geographic areas with few abortion providers, continued efforts are needed to equip medical professionals with information and training to make direct referrals.

Topic

United States