In recent decades, most African countries have increased the availability of sexual and reproductive health care, yet many people still lack access to these essential services. This fact sheet presents evidence as of 2019 on the need for, impact of and cost of fully investing in contraceptive services among women aged 15–49 in 53 African Union member states.
Under Article 14 (1) of the Maputo Protocol, member states should ensure that women have the right to exercise control over their fertility—to decide whether to have children, to determine the number and spacing of their children, and to choose any method of contraception. This fact sheet offers evidence to support implementation of the article’s recommendations.
Unmet need for services
- In African Union member states, of the 316 million women of reproductive age (15–49) who are married or are unmarried and sexually active, 139 million want to avoid a pregnancy.
- In other words, four out of every 10 women of reproductive age want to avoid a pregnancy and therefore need modern contraception.